British Isles & Ireland
Traditional Clog & Step Dancing:
Films, Videos, Tapes, CDs, DVDs,
Theses, Books & Websites

Films / Videos / DVDs


Clog Dancing


"Lancashire Clog Dancing - I" by Pat Tracey, made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. On this video, Pat Tracey demonstrates some of the dances that developed in the industrial area of East Lancashire in England in the early nineteenth century. These originated with the cotton weavers who danced in wooden soled clogs and are in the HEEL and TOE tradition which is the earliest known style of clog dancing. Initially, they were danced by the weavers themselves for general entertainment but eventually found their way onto the Music Hall stage. Clog dancing is widely acknowledged as a forerunner of modern tap dancing. Pat, who comes from East Lancashire, learned the traditional style which was passed down to her through members of her family. The video shows three dance sequences performed in appropriate settings: 1) a Clog Sailor's Hornpipe, 2) an Exhibition Dance, and 3) a Weaver's Outdoor Dance performed in iron-shod clogs. Each sequence is introduced by Pat with a brief explanation of the history and development of the dances. The dances have been filmed at performance speed, first in full length and second in close-up.
Email: or

"Lancashire Clog Dancing - II" by Pat Tracey, made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. The dances demonstrated by Pat Tracey on this video originated in the industrial areas of East Lancashire in England during the boom period of the cotton industry following the end of the Cotton Famine created by the American Civil War of 1861-65. The rapid growth of the cotton weaving towns at that time gave a great impetus to the clog dancing that had developed among the weavers earlier in the century. Not only did Lancashire clog dancing get taken by professional performers on to the Music Hall stage, but there was also a growth in local dancing with individual styles emerging in different areas, often reflecting in turn the dances performed by the professionals. Two of the dances shown on this video originated during this period and were passed on to Pat, who is a native of East Lancashire, by her mother from previous generations of the family. They are: 1) a Hornpipe, and 2) a Jig. For the final sequence Pat, with the help of the Reading Traditional Step and Dance Group (Reading Cloggies), has reconstructed a lively evening party in Lancashire in the 1940s where descendants of immigrant Irish workers, who adapted their traditional dancing to Lancashire clog, are showing off their hybrid form of dancing known as Lancashire/Irish. Each sequence is introduced by Pat with a brief explanation of the history and development of the dance. The dances have been filmed first in full length at performance speed, and second in close-up. Email: or

Pat Tracey's Instructional Videos: two on "Old Lancs. Clogging," and two on "Lancashire Hornpipe" routines. Pat distributes these herself usually at workshops. Contact her via: or

"Sammy Bell" made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. Sammy was a boy champion clog dancer in the 1930s in the Ashington area. He regularly performed in the working mens' clubs and at the "go-as-you-pleases" on a 3 ft. high pedestal as a "double act" with Jimmy Ellwood. His hornpipe steps date from this period. Whilst the steps are fairly easy the "breaks" are tricky. They can be "doubled" off both feet for a competition if required. Sammy is seen performing most of these steps in this film/video and also talking about his life on the stage. Email: or or

"Sam Sherry - Step Dancer" made by John Tchalenko in 1980, an Arts Council-sponsored film. Features the Five Sherry Brothers' act which included Sam on guitar, and Sam, Harry and Peter performing their acrobatic fiddle dance. The finale was the acrobatic dancing act -- step dances, acrobatic routines and a fast winging routine. They wore tap shoes and evening dress and it was a sensational show-stopping act. Further details at:

"Sam Sherry - Lancashire Step Dancer" by Barry Callaghan for the English Folk Dance and Song Society. Includes three of Sam's dance sequences, the jig, waltz and Exhibition Lancashire,  aimed as a teaching aid. [His singing was recorded on the Veteran Records label in 1989, and includes Sam and Peter recorded in 1950 singing "You Can Always Ask an Expert," as well as a 1930 recording of the Five Sherry Brothers singing "Say That You're Sorry" "with actual step dancing" re-mastered from an old 78 rpm record]. Further details at: Email: or or

"Fascinatin' Rhythm: The Story of Tap" - BBC Omnibus film first shown in 2002, also features clog dancer Sam Sherry at the age of 88. Not yet available on video. There may be private video recordings around, try posting a message on rec.folk-dancing or

"Bill Gibbon's Canal Boatmans' Steps" - made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. Bill Gibbons worked for most of his life on the wide-boats on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. Canal boat-people were always renowned for their step dancing, and Bill developed his whilst steering his boat and dancing in time to the beat of the single cylinder engine. Email: or

"Clog Dance" - Reel #12 - rental video in NTSC format from CDSS (USA only). Originally filmed by Tony Barrand in 1979. Features: 'Hornpipe' (Durham style) - danced by Peter Brown (pupil of Johnson Ellwood); Green Ginger (3 dancers, woman in center with red clogs was runner-up in the 1979 Northern Counties Championships); 'Waltz Clog' - danced by Green Ginger; 'Westmoreland Reel' - danced by Hoddesden Crownsmen; 'Solo Clog' by Green Ginger; 'Cumberland Reel' - danced by Green Ginger (4 women in reel formation); 'Westmoreland Reel' - danced by Hoddesden Crownsmen (3 women in reel formation). Email:

[Note: these recordings have now been digitised and uploaded to the dance archive website at: The Digital Video Research Archive of Morris, Sword, and Clog Dancing at Boston University - English and American Performances 1975 - present - see below]


Reading Cloggies' Festivals - Performers Shows, Workshop Showcases & Lectures


11th Festival - 1989 (video currently unavailable)



Hornpipe Routine - Pat Tracey

Irish Step Dancing - Linda Heneghan

Freestyle English Clog & Improvers

17 step Lakeland Routine - Ian Dunmur

Basic Lakeland - John Walford

Sammy Bell’s Waltz - Sammy Bell & Laurie Mulliner

Sammy Bell’s Hornpipe - Sammy Bell & Laurie Mulliner

Putting the Steps back into Country Dancing - Jennifer Millest

Cape Breton Stepping - Dot Mulliner & Chris Brady

Appalachian Clogging - The Steptones


Performers Show: (list currently unavailable)


Pat Pickles & Jig Dolls


Workshop Showcase: (list currently unavailable)


Lecture: (details currently unavailable)


12th Festival - 1990 (video currently unavailable)


Performers Show:


Workshop Showcase:




13th Festival - 1991 (video currently unavailable)


14th Festival - 1992 (video currently unavailable)


15th Festival - 1993

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. Jig Dolls - Pat Pickles

2. Appalachian Freestyle Flatfooting’: Ross Allen. Musician: Jackie Rawlinson.

3. Clog Waltz to Welsh tunes: Greenwood Clog. Musician: Eric Foxley.

4. Cloverleaf Clog. Musician: Ivan Wright.

      a/ Priest in His Boots, old Irish jig from Dan Furey;

      b/ Jackie's Broom Dance:.

5. Sam Sherry's Clog Polka’: Melanie Barber. Musician: John Dickson.

6. Welsh Clog Hornpipe’: Cobblers Awl

7. Jig Dolls Duet’: Val. Knight. Musician: Simon Knight.

8. Traditional Dartmoor Steps: Rachel Hitchcock - 1993 Dartmoor Champion Step Dancer. Musician: Alan Pittwood.

9. Clog Waltz for Six’: Green Ginger. Musician: Pete Fletcher.

10. 16-step Lakeland Exhibition Hornpipe from the Robinson family: Deborah Kermode (of Furness Clog). Musician: Ian Dunmur.

11. 1930's Tap Steps: Alex Woodcock & Kay Knightingale. Musician: Paul Earwicker.

12. Madeliene Ingleheanr & National Early Dance Group:

      a/ The Richmond or early Sailor's Hornpipe from 1716

      b/ The New Female Saylor’

      c/ The New Female Saylor - a la Nancy Dawson

13. Camden Cloggies. Musican: John Dickson.

      a/ Clog Sailor's Hornpipe’

      b/ Lancs/Irish Routine.

14. Old Lancs/Heel & Toe Routine: Pat Tracey. Musician: John Dickson.

15. Ermintrude's Waltz’: Tankerton Steppers

16. Irish Traditional 'Sean-Nos' Stepping from Connemara: Mick Mulkerrin. Musician: Simon Knight.


Workshop Showcase:

1. Northumberland & Durham Hornpipe. Tutors: Alex Woodcock / Kay Knightingale. Musicians: Paul Earwicker / Andy Johnson.

2. Lakeland Clog Hornpipe. Tutor: John Walford. Musicians: Bob Archer / Alec Hitchcock.

3. Irish Traditional 'Sean-Nos' Steps. Tutor: Mick Mulkerrin. Musican: Alan Pittwood.

4. Scottish Hard-Shoe Flowers of Edinburgh. Tutor: Colin Robertson. Musician: John Ryall.

5. Clog Waltz in Old Lancs/Heel & Toe Style. Tutor: Pat Tracey. Musician: John Dickson.

6. Northumberland & Durham Clog Hornpipe. Tutor: Geoff Hughes. Musician: Keith Holloway.

7. Adamson's Clog Hornpipe from East Fife. Tutor: Lesley Gowers. Musician: Ben Thackeray.

8. Clog Waltz in N.E. (Northumberland & Durham) Style. Tutors: Sue Jenkinson / Rosie Fletcher. Musician: Pete Fletcher.

9. Pedestal Hornpipe from Marion Cowper. Tutors: Ian Dunmur / Frances Allison. Musician: Alan Pittwood.

10. Old Irish Single Time from Dan Furey. Tutor: Chris Brady. Musicians: Eric and Rory Foxley.

11. Bert Bowden's Schottische. Tutor: Melanie Barber. Musician: Allan Sissons.

12. Appalachian Freestyle Flatfooting. Tutors: Ross Allen with Penny & John Allen. Musician: Jackie Rawlinson.

13. Clog-in or 'Sean-Nos' Session. Musician: Jackie Rawlinson.



“Reminiscences of Collecting Traditional Dance in the British Isles" by Joan Flett


16th Festival - 1994

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. Cape Breton Strathspey & Reel Steps - from Cape Breton, as collected by Jo & Simon Harmer from Jackie Dunn, Antigonish, Nova Scotia. Chequered Flag.

2. Ottawa Valley Steps from Eastern Canada.

3. Jig Dolls: Jenny Foster / Julie Franklin. Musician: Peter Clifton.

4. Clog Waltz: Cloverleaf Clog.

5. Shepherd's Dance (as choreographed by the group): Cloverleaf Clog.

6. A Job of Journey-work - an Irish traditional set dance in the old style, as collected from Dan Furey and James Keane, in County Clare: Céline Tubridy. Musician: Michael Tubridy.

7. Lakeland Clog Hornpipe - Ian's famous 17-step routine based on traditional steps: Ian Dunmur. Musician: Ben Thackeray.

8. Cheshire/North Lancs Competition Clog: Jennifer Hill - 1994 Saddleworth Rushcart Champion Clog Dancer. Musician: Tony Hill.

9. Mrs. Willis's Rag by Jennifer Hill. Musician: Tony Hill.

10. Alex Boydell. Musician: Alan Pittwood.

      a/ Traditional Northern Clog Hornpipe Steps - as collected in the 1940s from Tommy Atkins [North Lancs] and Fred Foster [High Spen], and evolved by Alex.

      b/ Clog Steps in Slip-Jig Time - as evolved by Alex in free-style form.

11. Northumberland & Durham Championship Clog - steps from the Ellwood family and Doris Hawkes: Lynette Eldon - 1982 Northern Counties Clog Dancing Champion. Musician: Keith Holloway.

12. Military Drumbeat Clog in Old Lancs Heel & Toe Style: Pat Tracey. Musician: John Dickson.

13. Bill Gibbons Irish Jig  - a social dance from Burscough on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, as collected by Madeleine Smith: Camden Cloggies. Musician: John Dickson.

14. Appalachian Clogging - by as choreographed by the group: Touchwood Clog.

15. American Tap Routine: Becky Daybles & Sophi Keen, from Ronnie Collis’ Chaplin's Stage School, Northampton.

16. Professional Pedestal Clog: Ronnie Collis, founder of Chaplin's Stage School, Northampton.


Workshop Showcase:

1. Beginners N.E. Clog Waltz from Alec Woodcock. Tutor: Kay Nightingale. Musician: Paul Earwicker.

2. Beginners N.E. Clog Hornpipe. Tutor: Mike Cherry. Musician: Eric Foxley.

3. Beginners Lakeland Clog. Tutor: John Walford. Musician: Frank Lee.

4. Bill Gibbons Canal-Boatman's Steps as collected by Madeleine Smith. Tutor: Melanie Jordan. Musician: Alan Sissons.

5. Lakeland Clog in Ragtime. Tutors: Ian Dunmur / Lesley Gowers. Musician: Ben Thackeray.

6. Dartmoor Competition Steps. Tutor: Jennifer Millest. Musician: Alan Pittwood. [Refer to the 1993 Festival Video to see Champion Dartmoor Step Dancer, Rachel Hitchcock].

7. Northumberland & Durham Championship Clog. Tutor: Lynette Eldon. Musician: Peter Clifton.

8. Old Style Irish Hornpipe Steps from James Keane and Dan Furey of Co. Clare. Tutor: Céline Tubridy. Musians: Michael Tubridy / Alec Hitchcock / Justine Lowde.

9. Scottish Sailor's Hornpipe. Tutor: Colin Robertson. Musician: Terri Robertson.

10. Lancashire/Irish Jig Steps. Tutor: Pat Tracey. Musician: John Dickson.

11. Marley Buck & Wing Clog. Tutor: Tony Barrand. Musicians: Peter Clifton / Andy Johnson.

12. Appalachian Clogging. Tutors: Jay & Geoff Cubitt. Musicians: Derrick Hale / Karl Moore.


Additional Footage:

Marley Buck & Wing Clog as recorded at a workshop with Anna Marley and Tony Barrand, in Rockville, Connecticut, USA, in 1993 - 1. The New Marley Dancers, 2. Workshop ‘Show-n-Tell’


Barn Dance Displays:

Newcastle Cloggies: intro: Chris Metherell

1. Diddy Dixon's Exhibition Lakeland Steps

2. Lakeland Three Hand Reel

3. Veronica Ryan's Buck & Wing Steps from Accrington


Reading Cloggies: intro: Brian Jones

1. Miss Gayton's Hornpipe from Scotland: Lesley Gowers. Musician: Ben Thackeray.

2. The Priest in his Boots from Dan Furey, Co. Clare: Céline Tubridy / Chris Brady / Lesley Gowers. Musicians: Michael Tubridy / Alec Hitchcock.

3. Sam Sherry's Lancashire Hornpipe: Padiham Clog - in memory of team member Gemma Watson.

4. Marian Cowper's Pedestal Clog: Francis Allison. Musician: Ian Dunmur


17th Festival - 1995

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. Marley Buck and Wing - New Dancing Marleys

2. Advanced Clog Waltz - Alex Woodcock

3. Marley Soft Shoe - New Dancing Marleys

4. Lakeland Clog - Ian Dunmur

5. Marley Clog Waltz - New Dancing Marleys

6. Marley Pedestal Clog - New Dancing Marleys

7. Sam Sherry’s Hornpipe - Harry Cowgill

8. Marley Military Drum Roll - New Dancing Marleys

9. Northumberland & Durham Clog - Lynette Eldon

10. Marley Staircase Dance & Tambourine Overture - New Dancing Marleys

11. Lancashire & Cheshire Championship Clog - Jennifer Hill

12. English Music Hall Items - Pat Tracey & Camden Clog

13. Marley Irish Jig - New Dancing Marleys


Workshop Showcase:

1. Marley Family Buck And Wing Clog - Tony Barrand

2. Sam Sherry's Exhibition Clog Hornpipe - Peter Clifton

3. Appalachian Step And Mountain Dancing - Jay & Geoff Cubitt 

4. Lakeland Clog - Ian Dunmur 

5. Northumberland/Durham Championship Clog Hornpipe - Lynette Eldon

6. Northumberland And Durham Clog Hornpipe - Lesley Gowers

7. Cape Breton Step Dancing - Jo And Simon Harmer 

8. Welsh Clog Broom Dance - Trevor Monson 

9. Marley Military Drum Roll - Kari Smith,

10. Mixed Rhythm Lancashire Clog Routine - Pat Tracey 

11. Lakeland Clog - John Walford 

12. Quickstep Routine - Alex Woodcock & Kay Nightingale.



"How the History of American Wooden Shoe (Clog) Dancing was Discovered" by Rhett Krause & Tony Barrand.


18th Festival - 1996

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. The Northampton Four - The Honeysuckle and the Bee - Routine devised by B.L. Collis

2. Stage Tap - Ronnie Collis

3. None So Pretty - Jig collected by Cecil Sharp in Fieldtown, Oxfordshire - Jack Brown

4. Improvised Scottish Step Dance - as danced in Cape Breton, Canada - Frank McConnell

5. Miss Gayton’s Hornpipe - collected in 1959 by T & J Flett from Miss E Wallace of Kilmarnock - Lesley Gowers

6. Step Dance Tunes from the New Forest - Stan Seamen

7. Yorkshire Clog Dance - Gwen Naylor

8. Northumberland and Durham Clog Dance - Peter Brown

9. Modern Style French Canadian Step Dancing - which became popular in the folk revival of the 1970’s - Ross Allan


Workshop Showcase:

1. Northumberland and Durham Clog Hornpipe - Peter Brown

2. Lakeland Clog - Gill McNab

3. English Social Dances with Stepping - John Walford

4. Sammy Bell’s Exhibition Hornpipe - Tony Sever

5. Run o’t Mill - Theresa Hindle and Deborah Riley

6. Lily of Laguna - Gwen Naylor

7. Irish Set dance - Val Knight

8. The Dirk Dance - John Wesencraft and Jane Lloyd

9. Jig Steps - Peter Clifton

10. Appalachian Clogging - Ross Allan

11. Old Lancs Heel and Toe - Pat Tracey and Katherine Tattershall

12. Adamson’s Clog Hornpipe - Ian Dunmur


19th Festival - 1997

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show - compère Roy Dommett:

1. Ossy Cloggers were formed by Theresa Hindle in 1979. They will dance an unaccompanied Military Routine which represents a corps of drums, the solo drummer/dancer leading and the rest of the corps joining in a repeat, as in a drum and bugle band.

2. Shuttlers Clog from Buxton in Derbyshire perform a Broom Dance. These steps come from the South West of England and are danced to the music of the Bacca Pipes Jig, played by Roger Howard.

3. Ian Dunmur, co-founder of Reading Cloggies, dances his set of 17 Lakeland Steps collected by Tom and Joan Flett and by Ian from various Lakeland sources. He is accompanied by Ben Thackeray.

4. Jo Harmer and Nina Barrel of Chequered Flag will be performing strathspey and reel steps in Cape Breton style to the music of Tracey Dares, Dave MacIsaac and Jerry Holland of Cape Breton.

5. Padiham Panache - Alison Hargreaves and Carrie Davies dance a mixed rhythm unaccompanied routine put together by them and Louise Nutter.

6. Penny Brookman and Dennis Victory came together through Traditional Arts Projects (TAPS) for a show called Rhythm in my Sole, in 1996. Although from very different dance backgrounds, they work on the interaction of steps and rhythms from a range of percussive dance styles and musical cultures, usually improvising their performances to suit unusual locations! Music is performed by Keith Holloway (melodeon) and Charles Spicer (oboe).

7. Ednie Wilson's set of seven slip jig steps devised to Northumbrian triple jig time, is the result of a project which was begun ten years ago and came to fruition two years ago. Based on the works of jazz poets, it translates the rhythm of the words so as to mimic jazz poetry. Accompanied by Chris Metherell - melodeon.

8. Pat Tracey shows us an Old Lancashire Heel and Toe dance taught by her grandfather to her mother, who in turn passed it on to her. She is accompanied by Paul Hudson.

9. Ira Bernstein is regarded as one of the most versatile and accomplished performers of percussive step dancing in America and, in particular, as one of the foremost southern-Appalachian-style flatfooters in the world. His repertoire is a wide array of dances that all share a common thread: the production of rhythmic, percussive sounds: he refers to his art as Ten Toe Percussion. Concerts of Ten Toe Percussion include an eclectic mix of rhythm tap dancing, Appalachian flatfooting, English clogging, Irish step dancing, Canadian step dancing and South African boot dancing. Today, Ira will be putting together a 15 minutes performance especially for the day. He will be accompanied by his own musician, Trevor Stuart, who is regarded as one of the top, young, traditional fiddlers in America.


Workshop Showcase:

1. Old Lancashire Heel and Toe Steps - John Walford

2. Northumberland and Durham Clog Hornpipe - Peter Brown

3. Irish Jig from Burscough - Madeleine Smith

4. Bacca Pipes and Other Jigs - Jack Brown

5. Dutch Dance from Veronica Ryan - Theresa Hindle And Deborah Riley

6. Miss Gayton's Hornpipe - Lesley Gowers

7. Elsie Brooks Schottische Steps - Ednie Wilson

8. Cape Breton Reel and Strathspey Steps - Jo Harmer

9. Ivy Sands Exhibition Steps - Chris and Alice Metherell

10. Appalachian Flatfooting - Ira Bernstein



"The Anomaly of Appalachian Clogging in the United Kingdom" by Ira Bernstein


20th Festival - 1998

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show: 

1. 3 Dance Routine - Knicker-Bocker Glory

2. Her y Dafern / Tavern Contest - Osian Evans and Aron Davies

3. Waltz Medley - City Clickers

4. Rhythm Tap - Ira Bernstein

5. Country Dance Medley - 1. Maids Morris, 2. Subriny’s Minuet, 3. Northern Nancy - Ladies Maid

6. Cowper’s Pedestal Dance - Ian Dunmur

7. Sauerländer 5 and Kruz König  dances from Germany- Reading Cloggies

8. Quebecois Waltz Clog - Ira Bernstein

9. 1. 3/2 Hornpipe, 2. Modern, 3. Ragtime - Jane Pollitt

10. 2 Dance Routine - Footnotes & Trocadero - Puffin Billy’s

11. 10 Best Rhythm - Blues and Jazz - Dennis Victory

12. Appalachian Flatfooting - Ira Bernstein


Workshop Showcase:

1. Lakeland Clog Steps and Dances - John Walford

2. Sammy Bell’s Waltz Steps - Julie Williams

3. Morris Jigs - All the Winds and Shepherd’s Hey - Jack Brown

4. Scottish Reels c. 1800 - Anne Daye

5. Musicians - Chris Jewell

6. Carmarthenshire Contemporary Clog - Ossian Evans and Aron Davies

7. British Jazz Tap - Dennis Victory

8. Lancashire Irish Party Dance - Pat Tracey

9. Anna Marley’s Soft Shoe Clog Steps

10. Lancashire and Cheshire Competition Style Hornpipe - Jane Pollitt

11. Appalachian Flatfooting - Ira Bernstein



"The Strathspey Reel - Strictly National and Peculiar to Scotland" by Anne Day


21st Festival - 1999

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. Cumberland Sword Dance - Allenova School of Dance

2. Sheepskins - Isis

3. Dance for Five - Woodfidley

4. Step Dancing in 6/8 from the Outaouais Region  - Pierre Chartrand

5. Hit the Road, Jack - Allenova School of Dance

6. Jig Steps from Sam Sherry (1970s) - Peter Clifton

7. Westmoreland Steps to Ragtime Tunes - Pennyroyal Clog Dancers

8. Step Dancing in 3/2 from the Saguenny Region - Pierre Chartrand

9. A Capella - Broken Ankles

10. A North East Reel with Additional Steps - Jane Pollitt

11. The Music of the Mills - Pat Tracey and Camden Sharp Steppers

12. Step Dancing in 2/4 - Pierre Chartrand


Workshop Showcase:

1. Musicians Workshop - Jack Brothwell

2. Waltz, Hornpipe, Reel and Jig - Mike Cherry

3. Mrs. Marhoff’s Single Hornpipe - John Walford

4. Westmoreland/Lakeland Clog Hornpipe - Jennifer Millest

5. Manx Dances - Nigel Close & Woodfidley

6. Northumberland and Durham Clog Hornpipe - Peter Brown

7. Music Hall Routines: Lily of Laguna & Narcissus - Lesley Gowers

8. The Earl of Erroll - according to the Hill Manuscript 1841 - Colin Robertson

9. Five Step Reel - Jane Pollitt

10. French Canadian Step Dancing from the Saguenay Region - Pierre Chartrand



"The Origins of Step Dancing in Quebec, the Saguenay Region and its Style" by Pierre Chartrand.


22nd Festival - 2000

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show: 

1. Open Ring - Appalachian Clogging - Broken Ankles

2. Pat Tracey’s Slow Hornpipe - Crosby Lake Clatterers

3. Hambone Percussion - Julie Young accompanied by Bob Walser

4. Welsh Clog - Annie Moore & Mike Cherry

5. Steps Collected in the North East - In Step Research Team

6. Ontario Waltz - Jo Harmer

7. Rapper Sword dance - High Spen Blue Diamonds Rapper


Workshop Showcase: 

1. Appalachian Clogging Routine - Penny & Anthony Allan

2. Musicians Workshop & Assembled Musicians - Jack Brothwell

3. The Sailors Hornpipe - Bob Parker

4. Lakeland Clog - John Walford

5. Rapper Sword Dance - Alex Fisher

6. Liverpool Hornpipe & Cumberland Sword Dance - Jennifer Millest

7. Old Lancs. Heel & Toe Routine B - Kathryn Tattershall

8. Woodland Flowers Routine - Geoff Hughes

9. Welsh Clog Step - Carol Loughlin

10. Jig Steps from Sam Sherry - Peter Clifton

11. Rapper Sword dance - High Spen Blue Diamonds



"21 Years Collecting Clog" by Chris Metherell


23rd Festival - 2001

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: via Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show: 

1. Durham Hornpipe - Young Miscellany - musician: Andrew Swaine

2. Irish Hard and Soft Shoe - Heneghan Dancers

3. Sam Sherry Exhibition Step - Chas Fraser - musician: Ian Dunmur

4. A Musical Mudley - Paul Hutchinson

5. North Country Clog - Brenda Walker - musician: Bridie Walker

6. Rag Time Band - Simon Harmer - musician: Jo Harmer

7. Rapper Sword Dance - East Saxon Sword - musician: Paul Draper


Workshop Showcase:

1. Musicians Workshop and Assembled Musicians - Paul Hutchinson

2. Devon Broom and Al Bal Whenney - Rachel Hitchcock

3. Sam Sherry’s Lancashire Hornpipe - Chas Fraser

4. Westmoreland Memory - Chris Coe

5. East Fife Hornpipe - Lesley Thackeray

6. Bedlam (I Love My Love) - Karen and Colin Cater

7. Ontario Waltz - Jo Harmer

8. Northumberland and Durham Jig Steps - Breda Walker

9. Rapper Sword Dance - East Saxon Sword



"Collection of Traditional and Step Dancing and Clog Revival over the last 50 years" by Jennifer Millest


24th Festival - 2002

Video or DVD (PAL or NTSC) versions are available. All enquires to: Annie Moore at , or Mike Cherry at , or Anne Garrison at , or Wizard Video Productions Ltd at / tel: +44 (0) 1428 682896 / fax: +44 (0) 1428 684690 / web:


Performers Show:

1. Fran’s Dance - Oracle, Newport - musicians: Revelation

2. Lakeland Steps - Ian Dunmur - musician: Ben Thackeray

3. Elsie Brooks Steps - Sam Steele - Ridgeway Revellers - musician Ben Thackeray

4. Manx Fisherman’s Jig - Ian Craigs duet with Jean Smith - Brenda Walker’s Reels - musician: Jean Smith

5. St. Patrick’s Day; Reel-Jig-Hornpipe Medley - David James - musician: Ian Graham

6. Sam Sherry’s Waltz Steps - Carol Nutter - musician: John Dickson

7. Advanced Old Lancs. - Lancashire Irish - Camden Clog - John Dickson


Workshop Showcase:

1. Musicians Workshop & Assembled Musicians - Ian Dunmur

2. The Nutting Girl, Morris Jig - Mike Garland

3. Pat Tracey’s Beginners Waltz - Kathryn Tattershall

4. Moving Feet - Simon Harmer

5. Balaronian Maid (song) - Karen and Colin Cater

6. The Blackbird - David James

7. Marley Military Roll - Carol Nutter

8. Elsie Willis Double Hornpipe - Ian Craigs

9. Sam Sherry’s Schottische


Step Dancing


dickfront.jpg (9223 bytes)"Dick Hewitt - Norfolk Stepdancer" with Percy Brown melodeon. Video (PAL) from a film made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. £15.99. The late Dick Hewitt was one of the very few dancers to keep alive the tradition of step-dancing - a hard-shoe, fast, free-form style of solo dance formerly used in pubs and other social gathering places by men and women from agricultural and fishing communities. Here Dick dances two hornpipe routines, a waltz and a march routine and talks about his dancing life. The music is played by the highly respected Percy Brown. Also distributed by Veteran Records. Email: or or

"Cromer Lifeboat Crew" made by Garland Films, Sheffield, England. This was filmed in the lifeboat house at Cromer. It consists of a 'session' of individuals step dancing to melodeon, much like sessions in public houses throughout the U.K. up until the early 1900s. Sadly this unique tradition in Cromer has now entirely died out which makes this recording one of the more valuable records of English traditional step dancing. Email: or


Traditional Step Dancing Considerable video footage for uploading of traditional step dancing in Ireland, including hornpipe, jig and reel steps, cross-stick dance, half-door dancing, and brush dancing is in preparation.

"Old Style Traditional Irish Step Dancing" by Joe O'Donovan, for Comhaltas - Coiste Co. Chorcaí. Joe was 78 when he recorded this tape. He is universally regarded as the leading authority on, and exponent of, Old Style Irish Traditional Dancing. Born in Cork City in 1918, Joe learned his first steps at his father's Dancing Club in Blackpool and went on to win Munster and All-Ireland titles. Joe met most of the great traditional dancers from the turn of the century onward, many of whom visited his father's club and passed on their wonderful individual steps to Joe. These amongst other great steps are included in this video. Joe has devoted a lifetime to the study, and teaching of all forms of Irish Traditional Dancing. Write directly to: Joe O'Donovan, Dun Chaoin, Ione Park, Mayfield, Cork, Ireland.

"Traditional Irish Step Dancing" by Joe O'Donovan. This definitive recording of Jo's extensive repertoire was recorded in conjunction with Belfast College. It is available privately. Write directly to: Joe O'Donovan, Dun Chaoin, Ione Park, Mayfield, Cork, Ireland. 


"Camau Cyntaf Clocsio" - FD03. Owen Huw Roberts yn dysgu camau sylfaenol clocsio yn y dull traddadiadol Cymreig - fideo a llyfryn. FD04 "Welsh Clog Dancing" - Owen Huw Roberts teaching the basic steps of traditional Welsh clog dancing - video and booklet (English version of FD03). Email: or


"Appalachian Flatfooting Workshop" by Ira Bernstein. Video: NTSC VHS for USA/Canada: send completed order form or email: PAL VHS for UK: email:

"Ira Bernstein at the Alte Oper" - display dancing including all sorts of step and clog dancing. Video: NTSC VHS for USA/Canada: send completed order form or email:, PAL VHS for UK: email:

talkingfeet.jpg (11809 bytes)"Talking Feet:  Solo Southern Dance:  Buck, Flatfoot And Tap" by Mike Seeger - the Video; 1½ hours; colour; NTSC or PAL VHS format. Has a companion book of the same title. A professionally produced video that presents 24 exceptional dancers from Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and North Carolina who represent a large sampling of southern-style step dancing, including flat footing, clogging and buck dancing. Dancers include Burton and Kyle Edwards, the Fiddle Puppets, D. Ray White, L.C. King, Alga Mae Hinton, John D. Hollman and Friz Holloway. All live musical accompaniment and excellent commentary. Extremely entertaining and educational. $50. Video: NTSC VHS for USA/Canada - send completed order form or email:, PAL VHS for UK - email:


"Ottawa Valley" Step Dance Videos. Instruction video tapes of Ottawa Valley step dance. Judy has 10 tapes available from most basic to super advanced Chanda has two tapes available both are for basic reels. Email: or

CouvLivregigue2.jpg (8291 bytes)couvVideo2.jpg (7464 bytes)"La Gigue Québécoise" (Quebec step dance) with Pierre Chartrand, Philippe Bruneau and Hermas Réhel. Available in all formats from Dance Cadence. This video was made without any speaking (just step numbering), so it is multilingual ... A one-hour videotape (55 minutes) designed as an aid to learning Québécois step dancing: 24 basic steps of Saguenay (north east of Québec province), 8 routines composed with these basic steps, and 5 steps from Gaspésie. The basic steps are individually demonstrated slowly, without music. Since they are filmed in close-up from behind, it is like attending a live workshop. Steps and routines of Saguenay are executed by Pierre Chartrand (dancer) and Philippe Bruneau (musician), those of Gaspésie by Hermas Réhel (dancer) and Philippe Bruneau (musician). This video come with a booklet giving the description of all the steps and including information about the origin and history of Québec step dancing. With: Chartrand_Ppetit.jpg (2839 bytes)Pierre Chartrand - well known dancer and step dancer in Quebec and abroad. He teaches, perform and does research since thirty years. RehelHermas.jpg (3451 bytes)With: Philippe Bruneau - master of the "squeeze box" (diatonic button accordion), he has an international reputation by the quality of his play and its compositions. With: Hermas Réhel - musician and traditional dancer of the Gaspésie. He start to play for evenings and weddings at the end of the ' 30. It is of the family (especially of his uncle) that he holds his talents of step dancer and fiddler. Email: or

Social Dancing (with stepping)


The Reading Cloggies had a wide repertoire of traditional English and Scottish social dances with stepping in them. The steps could either be executed whilst moving around the dance figures, or for a bracket of 4, 8 or 16 bars whilst facing a partner. Many of their dances were true reels - in that the dances consisted of a figure, followed by stepping on the spot, followed by another figure, then stepping, etc. Some of these were the reels recorded as beloved by the Scots, but reels were also endemic to Southern England. Now-a-days many of the dances and steps have now been homogenised whereas in the past there would have been many regional variants. A huge amount of 8mm and video footage of the Reading Cloggies' dances is being made ready for publishing on the web. Meanwhile see the Festival videos above. Also there are brief descriptions of many of the dances that were taught at Berea Christmas Country Dance School in the late 1980s. A typical list of dances in the repertoire is as follows: (to be completed)


Irish Traditional Dance Steps by Michael and Celine Tubridy. This is a brand new DVD to record the steps and dances taught by Dan Furey and James Kean at the Willie Clancy Summer School in the 1990s.

"Dance Sean-Nós" - Steps for Irish Traditional Improvised Dance.

Dance Sean-nos DVD with Ronan Regan and Maldon Meehanmairmick.jpg (5572 bytes)Dance Sean-nós is an 88 min long multi-regional DVD of Sean-nós Dance. Sean-nós is a form of old-style Irish dance, which survives mostly in the Connemara Gaeltacht. It is most likely the form of dance that American clogging and tap dance draw their Irish roots from. The DVD was shot around Galway on the West Coast of Ireland. Opening shots were set in the Claddagh and around the Corrib River’s Salmon Weir. The instructional part was shot in Aras na Gael, on Dominic Street, Galway with Johnny O'Halloran from Inis Bofin, Connemara providing the tunes on melodeon. Ronan and Maldon later went down to Johnny and Mick Crehan's pub 'The Crane Bar' for an impromptu session of music and dancing. The DVD will take you through a demo of the steps, an in-depth teaching of the steps, a slow practice followed by a chance to dance the steps up to speed. There is a lot of material on the DVD which will enable the dancer to gain a comprehensive set of steps to dance at sessions or a battering vocabulary that can be introduced into their set dancing repertoire.

"Step for Sets" by Mick Mulkerrin. In his video Mick shows several of his battering steps for set dancing. He very clearly breaks them down into a sequence of separate movements to make them easy to practice. The video shows close-ups of the footwork as Mick and his dance partner, Mairéad Casey, slowly repeat the steps. Mick hopes that everyone watching the video will have many hours of enjoyment while perfecting their steps. Europe (PAL) - £15 + £2.50 p&p. /  North America (NTSC) - £18 or $30 + $12 p&p. Email:

Records / Tapes / CDs


Clog Dancing


Newcastle Series - Tapes. Companion to books. Practice tapes for many of the routines published in the Newcastle series booklets of traditional English clog and step dancing. By Mike Douglas. Details and availability unknown at present.

"Clog on Your Tod" - audio cassette tape designed for practice and performance of Northumberland & Durham clog dances, with hornpipe and waltz rhythms at slow and performance speeds by Pete Fletcher (Green Ginger Clog). Email:

"Lakeland Practice Tape" - audio cassette tape designed for practice of Lakeland steps, extra slow, slow and performance speeds. By Pippa Sandford & Gill MacNab

"Clog Music"- by Heather Bexon and Pat Tracey. Audio cassette designed for practice and performance at all but top performance speed. Hornpipes, Reels, Waltzes and Jigs, recorded at slow, medium and performance speeds. Over 90 minutes. Cat. no. TED 3 - Tape: £8.50.

"BBC's Folk on 2 presents Northumbrian Folk" - old vinyl LP by BBC records REC 118S, 1971, has the North Wallbottle Rapper Sword dance performed by the Monkseaton Morris Men. It also has Bob Davenport and the Marsden Rattlers, Colin Ross, Johnson Ellwood clog dancing, and the Elliots of Birtley (to name but a few).

"Always Ask An Expert - 60 Years of Entertainment" - VT118, by Sam Sherry, Lancashire Clog Dancer. Includes Sam and Peter recorded in 1950 singing 'You Can Always Ask an Expert,' as well as a 1930 recording of the Five Sherry Brothers singing 'Say That You're Sorry' "with actual step dancing" re-mastered from an old 78 rpm record]. Further details at: Available from Veteran Records. Email:

Step Dancing


stepping_it_out.jpg (10101 bytes)"Stepping It Out!" - VTC1CD from Veteran Records. Traditional folk music, songs and dances from England. A compilation sampler CD of some of the best tracks from the first twenty-five Veteran cassettes. Includes step dance tunes and actual step dancing. Email:

bob_cann.jpg (8696 bytes)"Proper Job" - VT138CD from Veteran Records. Bob Cann's melodeon playing from Dartmoor recorded 1952-1988. Includes step dance tunes and actual step dancing in the Dartmoor competition style. Email:

"Good Order!" - VT140CD from Veteran Records. Traditional singing & music from The Eel's Foot, Eastbridge Suffolk. The BBC broadcast from this remote rural pub in 1939 and 1947 and for the first time ever these remarkable recordings are available on CD with a 18 page booklet crammed with photographs. Includes "Introduction and step dancing" by the landlady Mrs Howard. The booklet describes typical pub evening in rural England "Everyone would arrive and they had their own chairs, then at eight the dart board would be taken down and order would be called by Philip Lumpkin with his crib pegging board being banged on the table and they used to go around the room 'sing, say or pay', and if you didn't sing you had to give a little forfeit of some sort. Then they would sing all the evening until ten o'clock because you had to close on time in those days. Then their would be step dancing; I believe Jumbo danced and Eric Stollery could step dance..." Email:

"I Never Played To Many Posh Dances" - Scan Tester 'Sussex musician 1887 - 1972' - VTVS03/04 from Veteran Records. Includes a number of tunes for step dancing to. Companion double cassette to the book of the same name. Email:

Social Dancing (with stepping)




"Folk Music And Dances Of Ireland - A complete initiation on Traditional Irish Music" - OSSCD3. This album is produced in conjunction with Brendan Breathnach's book of the same title (IRB7), which is a complete course in the history of Irish music. Features: Sean Ac Donncha, John Reilly, John Kelly, Michael Tubridy, Paddy O Brien, Sean Keane. Samples of all types of Irish  dance music and the instruments they're played on. Plus songs sung in Irish and English. Available from Veteran Records. Email:


Quebec Sets - quadrilles with stepping in them as called at the 'Chicken Coup,' La Beauce, Quebec (to be completed)

Books & Magazines


Clog Dancing


"Originality 1: Clog Steps" (1982) by Mike Cherry. Mike began clog dancing in 1960. Drawn to solo performance he has always enjoyed the challenge of the pedestal and frequently performs on a bass drum!! These are steps learnt from Johnson Ellwood in the Northumberland & Durham style. Private publication, 1981. Email: Mike Cherry at

"Originality 2: Clog Steps for Beginners" (1982) by Mike Cherry. These are steps especially for beginners in the style of Northumberland & Durham. Private publication, 1982. Email: Mike Cherry at

"Originality 3: The Steps of Samuel Bell" (1982) by Mike Cherry. These are steps learnt from Sammy Bell, ex-Clog Dance Champion from the 1930s. The book includes Sammy's Exhibition Clog Hornpipe, and his Clog Waltz in the Northumberland & Durham style. Private publication, 1984. Email: Mike Cherry at

"Originality 4: 40 Years of Clogs and a Drum" (2007) by Mike Cherry.


"An Introductory Bibliography of Clog and Step Dance" by Chris Metherell. Pub. 1994/2005. Gives references to the major books and articles on step dance in England, Wales and the Isle of Man; but completely ignores Scotland and Ireland (North and South). Also ignores social dances with stepping in them. Only printed matter is referenced. Is largely based on the holdings of the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library at Cecil Sharp House, but also includes many references to research material now long out-of-print &/or held in private collections and therefore inaccessible to most researchers. Printed version ISBN 0854181652. £2.50. Email:


Newcastle Series of Clog & Step Dancing Booklets (in Newcastle Notation) The entire series is believed to be out of print, but copies may be available in photocopy form from various libraries. The series is fully catalogued at There was a companion series of videos and practice audio cassette tapes. Email:


» Introduction To Clog Dancing In The North East - Metherell, C and A. Smith

» Beginner's Guide To Clog Dancing - Metherell, Chris

» Newcastle Notation, A Rational System For The - Hays, C et all

» Steele Family Steps - Metherell, C

» Cowper Family Biography And Waltz Routine - Crane, A

» Mrs. Ivy Sands' Single And Sailor's Hornpipes - Metherell, A. S.

» Aylis Angus -  - Step Dancer - Wilson, Ednie

» Mrs Willis, The First Hornpipe - Metherell, C and Crane, A

» Clog Steps Of Mr. John Surtees - Jarman J. &

» Ellwood Family Clog Steps, Part 1 - Metherell, C

» Ellwood Family Clog Steps, Part 2 - Metherell, C

» Mrs. Ivy Sands' Exhibition Steps - Metherell, A.

» Mrs. Marhoff: Single And Double Hornpipe - Jarman, J. &

» Mrs. Ivy Sands' Double Hornpipe - Metherell, A.

» First Of August - Metherell, C.

» East Fife Clog Hornpipe,The - Metherell, C.

"Clog Steps for Beginners" by Geoff Hughes. A beginner's basic manual for simple N.E. Durham style clogging. Geoff Hughes is a clog dancer who dances in the great Lancashire tradition. He has appeared at many festivals and events winning many major clog dancing championships and became Lancashire & Cheshire Clog Dancing Champion. £4.50. Email:

"English Clog Dance Steps - Hornpipe, Waltz and Reel" 3rd Ed. by Anthony Barrand. Notations for reel, hornpipe, and waltz clog steps found on clog dance video #12 (for rent from CDSS), plus other steps Tony uses in his own dancing and teaching. 1991 72pgs. Instruction Included. $8.50. Email:

"Concerning Clogs" by Bob Dobson. Facts on the making and wearing of dogs throughout history in Lancashire and elsewhere. The author coined the phrase "clogs have souls as well as soles". Pbk A5 88pp. £5.00. Landy Publishing, 3 Staining Rise, Staining, Blackpool FY3 0BU. May 1993. ISBN: 1872895131. Tel. & fax: +44 (0) 1253 895678.

"Clattering Clogs" by Bob Dobson (Ed.). Landy Publishing, 3 Staining Rise,Staining,Blackpool FY3 0BU. Sep 1981. ISBN: 0950769207. Long out of print. Try a local library or tel. & fax: +44 (0) 1253 895678.

"Lancashire Clog Dance" by Pilling Julian. Mar 1968. ISBN: 0854180559. Out of print. Try emailing EFDSS at:

wpeC7.jpg (19711 bytes)"Understanding Victorian Society Through Dance" - General Editor - Diana Jewitt. (EFDSS, Dolmetsch Historical Dance Society and Grand Union of Folk Dancers). A4 book and CD - dance instruction manual clearly illustrated with photos and diagrams, with historical, costume, cross-curricular and musical material. Includes: 'Clog - steps from Lancashire.' Cat. no. BED4 - Book: £16.00. Cat. no. EDCD04 - CD: £13.00. Email:

"Step Change - New views on Traditional Dance" by Georgina Boyes, editor. Includes Caroline Radcliffe's account of The Ladies' Clog Dancing Contest of 1898 which is a riveting piece of newspaper research that reminds us, perhaps for the first time, just how important important women clog dancers were on the stage.  The 'Great Tradition' of clog dancers is often perceived as predominantly male - Dan Leno, Charlie Chaplin, Norman Robinson, Sam Sherry, Johnson Ellwood, Jackie Toaduff - but this research puts beyond doubt that women dancers had starring roles on the Victorian and Edwardian stage. ISBN 1 903427 09 6. £10.00. Published by Francis Boutle Publishers, 23 Arlington Way, London EC1R 1UY. Email:

"Half Cut in Clogs" by Deborah Kermode. This is a short book on Lakeland clog-dancing, designed to give the history of the steps, the era, the music and the people who taught in Lakeland (the English Lake District) in the 19th century. The book is called "Half Cut in Clogs" ('half cut' being the name of one of the steps) and is available from Old Friends Music and Dance Association at the email address below. There are only a couple hundred copies left. Email:

"Clog Dancing: A Step-by-Step Guide to the Art of Traditional Durham and Northumberland Clog Dancing Introduction for Beginners Progressing to Intermediate" by Brenda Walker. Roundtuit Publishing (6 Aug 2007). ISBN-10: 1904499201 / ISBN-13: 978-1904499206.




"Welsh Clog Step Dancing" by Huw Williams. Cyfarwyddiadau ysgrifenedig o draddodiad stepio Cymreig. Written instructions for the Welsh stepping tradition. Email: or or


"The Dancing Marleys - A New England Family Tradition of 'Lancashire' Clog: Issues of Ethnicity and Family Identity in American Wooden Shoe Dancing" by Anthony G. Barrand, Ph. D. and Kathryn Kari A. Smith. Published lecture notes detailing the research on the remarkable clog dancing family - the Marleys. "Fifty seven years ago, on June 21st, 1936, the duet of Jimmy and Ann Marley of Rockville, CT, performed their wooden shoe or clog dances in New York, over radio City Music Hall, on "Major Bowes," the nationally broadcast Chase and Samborn Amateur Hour." Luckily a portion of that broadcast has survived and Tony may be able to make you a copy on tape or CD. Email:

"Jig and Clog Dancing without a Master"[**] - The Clifford (1864), Buckley (1869), and James (1873) Manuals. Volume 1: Commentary; Volume 2: Source Texts and Illustrations. Reprints edited by Anthony G. Barrand, Kathryn Kari Smith, Rhett Krause. Published by Northern Harmony Pub. Co.  Original and rare instructional manuals are currently in the Library of Congress and the Harvard Theatre Collection. Email:

"Complete Dancing Instructions for Light and Heavy, Genteel and Plantation Songs & Dances" by William F. Bacon, 1864. Whereabouts unknown, referred to in [**] above. Email:

"Buckey's Clog and Jig Dancing without a Master," by James Buckley, New York - 1869. Text available in Volume 2 in [**] above, or Harvard Theatre Collection - searchable online

"The Art of Jig and Clog Dancing without a Master," by J.H. Clifford, New York - 1864. Text available in Volume 2 in [**] above, or Harvard Theatre Collection - searchable online

"Jig, Clog and Breakdown Dancing Made Easy With Sketches of Noted Jig Dancers," by Ed. James, New York - 1873. "This book begins with a brief history of jig dancing and provides a chronology of jig and clog dancers from famed African-American dance Master Juba to Johnny Diamond and Dick Pelham. The manual also describes twenty steps including 'heel and toe step,' 'shuffle,' 'clog break,' and 'plantation breakdown.'" It is now available online at the Library of Congress web site, see James: text / scans.

"Dick Sands' Irish Jig, Clog & Dance Book." A history of the personal, political and professional sentiments and peregrinations of Dick Sands with complete and practical instructions in the art of clog-dancing," New York - 1879/1888? One copy is in the Harvard Theatre Collection (searchable online), another is privately owned. It has been published online by Chris Brady. Email:

"Clog Dancing Made Easy" by Henry Tucker (1874). Reprinted by Chris Brady (1979). "This manual contains instructions for twelve steps that, according to the author, can be learned by practicing two hours a day. Libretti and music are provided for four musical comedy sketches that require clog dancing." A number of copies are known and it may still be found for purchase e.g. via eBay. It is also now available online at the Library of Congress web site albeit an early version sans the Foxtrot routine. See Tucker: text / scans.

"The Wisconsin book of clog and character dances for boys and girls," by Alfreda Mosscrop and Blanch B. Shafarman. Minneapolis, Minn. : Burgess-Roseberry, 1929. Cover title: Clog and character dances. Music and instructions for each dance on opposite leaves numbered in duplicate. Long out of print but maybe available at many libraries, e.g. at Amherst.

"Tap, Caper and Clog, Fifteen Character Dances,"  by Helen Frost. A. S. Barnes and Co., New York, 1931. Long out of print but usually available at many libraries.

"The Clog Dance Book," by Helen Frost. A. S. Barnes and Co., New York, 1921/1922. Long out of print but usually available at many libraries. Has been recently republished by Captain Fiddle Pubns (November 30, 2004), see link on Amazon.

"Athletic Dances and Simple Clogs," by Marjorie Hillas. A. S. Barnes and Co., New York, 1926. Long out of print but usually available at many libraries.

"Clog and Character Dances," by Helen Frost. A. S. Barnes and Co., New York, 1924. Long out of print but usually available at many libraries. Has been recently republished by Kessinger Publishing (August 30, 2004), see link on Amazon.

"Tap dances, clogs & jigs,: Sword dances and gymnastic dances for boys ... " by Mary Wood Hinman (Author). Barnes (1930).

New Zealand

"Choirs, Clogs, Mr Ballard and Mr Bones" published by The Hocken Library, Otago University, South Island, New Zealand in 1989. ISBN 0902041 52 5. It describes a visit by a troop of 6 performers called the San Francisco Minstrels in the 1860s to Dunedin and other towns in the South Island. Apparently their act included clog dancing 'Jim Crow'-style. The advertisements for the shows appeared in "The Otago Colonist." The book also describes the many other entertainments and recreational pursuits available around Dunedin at that time. Email:

Step Dancing


"Traditional Step-Dancing in Lakeland" by Flett, J. P., and Flett, T. M. 1979. £9.95 + £2 p&p. Contemporary material and 29 different sets of steps. Lots of background history and anecdotes from interviews with local people. Email:

StepDan.jpg (9309 bytes)"Traditional Step-Dancing in Scotland" by Flett, J. P., and Flett, T. M. Includes Appendix: "Step-Dancing in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia" by Frank Rhodes. This book is a result of the authors' field work in the 1950s and 60s talking to elderly people about what they remembered of dancing from their childhood. This is the step-dance equivalent of Traditional Dancing in Scotland. As well as several chapters of history, it has descriptions of a goodly collection of dances, written from watching performances on their travels. The book shows that: Highland Games dances are only a small part of a rich heritage; how the once numerous dances were taught by popular dancing masters; the link to step-dancing in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia; and it contains instructions for the step-dances collected from mainland Scotland, the Hebrides and Cape Breton, including clog-dances (in wooden-soled shoes) and dirk dances. Scottish Cultural Press, 1996. £12.99. ISBN: 1898218455. Email:

"I Never Played To Many Posh Dances" - Scan Tester 'Sussex musician 1887 - 1972' by Reg Hall. Pub: Rochford, Musical Traditions, 1990. Throughout the British Isles step dancing was one of the most popular forms of home-made social entertainments and was based in and around the local pub. (public house), along with what is now termed traditional folk singing and music making. Scan Tester from Sussex, who, as well as playing the Anglo concertina (as on the companion double cassette), was also an accomplished step dancer and singer. Sadly he died before the importance of his step dancing was recognised and recorded. There is an additional article on Scan by Rod and Danny Stradling at:

"Many A Good Horseman" - A Survey of Traditional Music Making in Mid Suffolk" by John Howson. Detailed information and reminiscences from a lively musical tradition from Eastern England, includes over 100 photos. Includes descriptions of the step dancing traditions and who step danced. Available from Veteran Records. Email:


"Dannsa Nan Eileanach" - Hebridean Dances by the Hebridean Dance Committee. Most of the dances described were introduced into Barra by one dancing master Fearchar MacNeil in the late 1800s. Includes: Aberdonian Lassie # Blue Bonnets # Caisteal Chiosamul (Kismul Castle) # Cath nan Coileach # Flowers of Edinburgh # Highland Laddie # O'er the Water to Charlie # Over the Waters # Ruidle nan Coileach Dhubha (Reel of the Black Cocks). Can be obtained from Amazon - ISBN 0861529138, or from Acair Ltd., 7 James St., Stornoway, Isle of Lewis. Email:


"A Selection of Irish Traditional Step Dances" by Michael Tubridy. Published in 1998, this book by the renowned Clare musician and dancer provides instruction for 'sean-nos' step dancing, i.e., the older style of solo dancing before it became an Olympic sport... 

The traditional step dances of Ireland have been passed on orally for several hundred years, with no record of them ever having been written down. In this book, for the first time in their history, they are presented in book form.

The dances come from the two (late) renowned Clare dancing masters James Keane and Dan Furey and were collected in the 1990s. Some of the steps came from James's father and date back to the 1800s. Some of the sets and steps came from a travelling dancing master by the name of Baron who taught around Country Clare in the 1800s. Many of the dances were also taught by James and Dan during the Willie Clancy Summer School. Some of the dances were performed and filmed by Céline and Michael Tubridy at the Reading Cloggies' Festival - see above. Some of James' and Dan's dances are also described elsewhere on this website.

Using a system newly devised by himself, Michael Tubridy, the well-known musician and dancer, has prepared written transcriptions of nine traditional dances, including such a famous piece as an old and traditional version of the ‘The Blackbird.’

Used in conjunction with direct instruction from a dancing master, these transcriptions should facilitate the learning of these dances and make them more widely accessible than ever before. The dances and tunes are:

» The Priest and his Boots (double jig) - this was Dan's favourite dance
» The Harvest Home (hornpipe) 
» Single Time (single jig) - this can be danced solo or in a group of four
» Miss McLeod’s Reel (polka version) 
» The Rocky Road to Dublin (slip jig) 
» The Job of Journeywork (4:4 time set dance)  - this was one of James' favourite dances
» Father O’Flynn (double jig) 
» Saint Patrick’s Day (6:8 time set dance) - there is some doubt as to whether this came from James Keane. It was first taught by someone else at a Willie Clancy Summer School and may not be the version that James knew. 
» The Blackbird (4:4 time set dance) - this is a traditional version with unique steps somewhat different to the modern standardised version.

Also available is a CD recorded by Tubridy and providing the music for the nine dances taught in the book. All of them are recorded twice, once at beginner's pace with spoken instructions, and a second time at normal tempo with music only. Paperback, 72pp, music, dance notation, photos, illus. The book and CD is available from the Folk Music Society of Ireland. Email:


cb_ceiligh.jpg (5604 bytes)"Cape Breton Ceilidh" by MacGillivray, Allister.  Paperback book: 218 pages. ISBN: 0969220812. Sea-Cape Music Ltd. 1988. $25.00. Buy Cape Breton Ceilidh at


"Anna Marley's Softshoe Clog Steps" - 12 step routine as developed by Anna Mae Marley and Eleanor Marely Lessig. Collected and Edited by Anthony G. Barrand, Ph. D. Privately published with notation for the 1994 Sidmouth International Folk Festival, England. Email:

"Appalachian Clogging and Flatfooting Stepping" by Ira Bernstein. Book. USA/Canada: send completed order form or email:, UK: email:

"Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance" by Marshall and Jean Stearns, pub. Macmillan Co., New York, 1968. Extensive research into the development of jazz / tap dancing from its roots - the clog (wooden-soled shoe) dancing of travelling music hall artistes. References are made to Henry Tucker and Juba (see elsewhere on this page).

"Black Dance: From 1619 to Today" by Lynne Fauley Emery, Dance Books Ltd, London, 1988 (1972). Extensive research into dancing in the Afro-American traditons and the development of jazz and tap dancing.

tfeet.jpg (12432 bytes)"Talking Feet:  Solo Southern Dance:   Buck, Flatfoot And Tap" by Mike Seeger - the Book & Instructional Manual (companion to the video of the same name); 150 pages. An in-depth, written accompaniment to "Talking Feet: The Video." Includes photographs, interviews, history and notations and breakdown of many of the steps and styles that are presented in the video. Also very entertaining and educational. Send completed order form or email:, PAL VHS for UK: email:

Social Dancing (with stepping)


"Traditional Step-Dancing in Lakeland" by by Flett, J. P., and Flett, T. M. £9.95 + £2 p&p. Contemporary material and 29 different sets of steps. Email:


"Traditional Dancing in Scotland" by Flett, J. P., and Flett, T. M. Includes  Appendix: "Dancing in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia" by Frank Rhodes. This book is interesting because both this book and the next book (by the same authors) are the results of field-work to discover what traditional dancing really used to be like. Tom and Joan spent years touring Scotland to find out how dancing was done "within living memory" - which, given they started in the 50s, stretches back to the 1890s. They interviewed numerous elderly people in the 1950's and 1960's to see what they remembered of dancing in their childhood. It covers how dancing worked, with the "dancies" or dancing masters touring their areas, teaching for a term, holding an end-of-term ball and then moving on. It also describes some dances, and has specific chapters on dancing in Shetland and Orkney. A very good history of Scottish Dance around the turn of the century. The dances and the dance steps are different than what is currently taught in the Royal Scottish Country Dance Society. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, Boston, Melbourne and Henley, 1964. ISBN: 0-7100-1369-8 / ISBN: 0-7102-0731-X.


"Set Dances Of Ireland" - IRB6. Larry Lynch's 330 page study of set dancing including full dance notes and interviews with his original informants. This book is complimented by the Seanda series of cassettes. £25.00. Available from Veteran Records. Email:

"Folk Music And Dances Of Ireland" - IRB7. A comprehensive study examining the basic elements of Irish Folk Music and Dance Traditions by Breandan Breathnach. Complimented by OSSCD3. £7.75. Available from Veteran Records. Email:




"Cape Breton Ceilidh" by MacGillivray, Allister.  Paperback book: 218 pages. ISBN: 0969220812. Sea-Cape Music Ltd. 1988. $25.00. Buy Cape Breton Ceilidh at


"Inverness County Dance Project" by LeBlanc, Barbara and L. Sadousky. Museum of Man, Ottawa, 1986. In her 1986 report on "Dance in Inverness County," for the Museum of Man in Ottawa, she cites examples of conversations with members of the Cape Breton Irish community who say that step-dance in Cape Breton is an Irish dance, that is it might well be that so-called Cape Breton dance, "step-dance," does not belong to the Scots after all. It might be an extension of the Irish tradition.

"Close to the Floor: Folk Dance in Newfoundland" by Colin Quigley. Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, 1985. Quigley's publication describes, in detail, the formal structuring of steps commonly used by step dancers. He describes the notion that the steps are presented in intricate detail and move in rhythm to select music including jigs and reels. He describes the body posture of the dancer with the emphasis on movement from the knees down while the upper portion of the body is more relaxed and subtle and not to be a distraction from the footwork. Quigley makes a direct link between the traditional step-dance of Newfoundland and Ireland.

Research, Theses / Dissertations
& Articles


Clog Dancing


"The East Lancashire Tradition" by Pat Tracey in "English Dance & Song," - Vol. 23 - n2 -  1959 - pp.39-41.


"The Lancashire Clog Dance" by Julian Pilling in "Folk Music Journal," - Vol 1 - n3 - 1967 - pp. 158-179.


"Curtain Up" - about English Clogs and Clog Dancing in "Dance and Dancers" - Dec 01 - 1991 - n501 - p5.


"Living National Treasure - Clog Maker" in "Country Life" - Jul - 1994 - v188 - n29 - p33.

Traditional Dance – Volume 1 Proceedings of the Traditional Dance Conference, Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education, 28 March, 1981, editor: Theresa Buckland, pub. 1982. ISBN 0 9503468 1 0. Papers include:
      1. English Folk Dance Scholarship: A Review by Theresa Buckland
      2. Traditional Dancing in Scotland by Joan Flett
      3. Solo Step Dancing within Living Memory by Peter Clifton and Ann-Marie Hulme
      4. The Cotswold Morris in the Twentieth Century by Roy Dommett
      5. Winster Morris Dance: The Sources of an Oikotype by Georgina Smith

Traditional Dance – Volume 2 Proceedings of the Traditional Dance Conference, Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education, March, 1982, editor: Theresa Buckland, pub. 1983. ISBN 0263-9033. Papers include:
      1. Tradition and the Plaited Maypole Dance by Roy Judge
      2. The Commentary to the Film ‘This is Morris Dancing’: The Derbyshire Traditions of Castleton, Tideswell and Winster by Ian Russell.
      3. ‘Hollo! “Here We are Again!” Godley Hill Morris Dancers’: A Study in Longevity by Theresa Buckland
      4. Morris dancing in the South Midlands: The Socio-Cultural Background to 1914 by Keith Chandler
      Additionally: Corrigenda to Volume 1

 Traditional Dance – Volume 3 Proceedings of the Traditional Dance Conference, Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education, March, 1983, editor: Theresa Buckland, pub. 1984. ISBN ???. Papers include:
      1. Clog Dancing: An Analysis of Regional Differences by Chris Metherell
      2. Computer Analysis of the Scottish Allemande and Pousette: A Study in research method by Richard N. Goss
      3. The Bride’s Reel in Cullivoe, Shetland by Peter Cooke
      4. Disentangling the Wychwood Morrises by Mike Heaney

Traditional Dance – Volume 4 Proceedings of the Traditional Dance Conference, Crewe and Alsager College 
of Higher Education, March, 1984, editor: Theresa Buckland, pub. 1986. ISBN 0263-9033. Papers include:
      1. John Clare – Dancing Master or Scribe? By Michael Barraclough
      2. Manuscript Sources of Traditional Dance Music in Southern England by Vic Gammon
      3. ‘A Properly Conducted Morris Dance’ – The Role of Jimmy Cheetham before the Great War in Oldham and Royton, Lancashire by Michael Higgins.
      4. Aesthetics and the Morris: Mutual Interactions of the Dance, the Dancers and the Environment by Anthony G. Barrand.

Traditional Dance – Volume 5/6 Proceedings of the Traditional Dance Conference, Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education, March, 1985/6, editor: Theresa Buckland, pub. 1988. ISBN 0263-9033. Papers include:
      1. Trends in Morris dancing on the Lancashire Plain from 1890 by Pruw Boswell
      2. Irish Traditional Dance in the Twentieth Century by Rosemary O’Neill
      3. Cecil James Sharp as Collector and Editor of Traditional Dance by A.D.Townsend
      4. Problems in Fieldwork: Documenting a Processional Dance from Past and Present Perspectives by Theresa Buckland. Including: Recording Traditional Dance: An Open Forum on the Problems Encountered in Fieldwork
      5. Recording Step-Dancing by Ann-Marie Hulme
      6. Problems in Fieldwork: A Discussion of Work in Progress at Winster in Derbyshire
      7. Maypole Dance in the Twentieth Century: Further Studies of a North Cotswold Town by Craig Fees
      8. Custom in Conflict: The Morris Dance in the Shrewsbury and Ironbridge Area of Shropshire
      9. Irish Traditional Step Dance in Cork by Catherine Foley (work in progress)
      10. Continuing Researches into the South Midland Morris: A Progress Report by Keith Chandler
      11. Some Thoughts on the ‘Tradition’ versus ‘Revival’ Debate
      12. Early Morris by Michael Heaney
      13. Theatrical Morris by Roy Judge
      14. Louis Parker and his Pageant Morris Dancers, 1905-1909 by George Frampton

"The Hornpipe" - Papers from a National Early Music Association (NEMA) Conference held at Sutton House, Homerton, London on 20.3.1993. Papers presented (with dancing and musical demonstrations) included:
      >> "Preface" - Madeleine Inglehearn
      >> "The Hornpipe in Scotland" - Joan Flett
      >> "The Lancashire Hornpipe" - Pat Tracey
      >> "Ground, hornpipe, dump and jig: English vernacular style, 1530-1700" - Jeremy Barlow
      >> "The Hornpipe, our national dance" - Madeleine Inglehearn

Email: Secretary: Jane Beeson


"Dancing a Hornpipe in Fetters" - "Folk Music Journal Vol. 6, No. 1," 1990. EFDSS, London. Ed: Russell, Ian. Clog dancing on the music hall stage whilst wearing convict chains, apparently a popular act. Email:


R. Dommett, "Roy Dommett's Morris Notes", edited by A.G. Barrand. 2nd edition. [Boston]: CDSS of America (1986). Vol. 5: Other Morris (ix, 183 pp.) incl. social dances with stepping ???



"American Patent for Clog Jingles" - Scientific American - 1872 ???

"The Lancashire Clog Hornpipe Dance on the American Stage, 1840-1940, Vols. I & II" by Kathryn Kari Anne Smith, 2002. Boston University, University Professors' Programme. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Step Dancing


"A West Country Step Dance Contest" by Peter Kennedy in "English Dance & Song," vol 15, no. 5, 1951, p. 145.


"Solo Step Dancing in North Norfolk within Living Memory" by Peter Clifton and Anne-Marie Hulme, "Traditional Dance," No 1, 1981, p. 29-58. 

"Step Dancing in the Mendips" a research paper by Tony Sever. This records interviews with surviving step dancers. These mainly performed in the public houses in and around the tin-mining areas of the Mendips in Somerset. In some pubs in the main bar there was a flat flagstone on which dancers would perform. In one or two these still survive but with a somewhat concave surface from wear of the hob-nailed boots! A copy of the paper is possibly in the Ralph Vaughn Williams Library of the EFDSS. Email:


"Irish traditional step-dancing in North Kerry: a contextual and structural analysis (2 vols.)" by Catherine Esther Foley PhD, 1988. LABAN Centre, London, UK. TH L655.094196 FOL.



"Step dancing on the Boston Stage: 1841-1869" by Rhett Krause. "Country Dance & Song" 1992, pp 1-19, magazine of the Country Dance & Song Society. Email:

Film Archives


Internet Movie Database

"Clog Dancing" - 1898. Features: Mr. Burns. B&W, silent, 5 minutes, U.K. Whereabouts unknown.

British Pathé News Archives (ITN)

Wilson, Betty & Kepple - incl. Sand Dance


Good footage of the variety stars at the Trocadero Restaurant in London. 



Full titles read: "LONDON'S CLUBS AND CABARETS. Charles B. Cochrans's 'Revels in Rhythm' at the Trocadero Restaurant, London."


Intertitle reads: "London after dark and Mr Cochran's Young Ladies are stepping out in style to Annette Mills melodies."


L/S of the stage curtains opening. Very good M/S of a stage hand backstage turning the handle to open the curtains. L/S's of the girls tap-dancing onto the stage wearing frilly long dresses.


Intertitle reads: "And with the 'Young Ladies' Miss Nina Mae Mckinney."

L/S's of the singer Nina Mae Mckinney singing `Bring Back the Charleston'.


Intertitle reads: "The Hazel Mangean girls - shows what it means to have no backbone to trouble you." M/S of woman standing on two chairs which are supported by two other girls. She leans backwards and arches her back to the extent that she can pick up a handkerchief with her teeth off the ground ! Several more shots of the dancers wearing very skimpy costumes dancing on top of briefcases. Brief M/S's of the audience seated at tables drinking wine whilst watching the entertainment.


Good L/Ss of Wilson and Keppel dancing Egyptian style wearing skimpy tunics. L/S's and M/Ss of the Hazel Mangean Girls performing on stage. One of the women walks onto the stage on her hands. They perform several acrobatic somersaults in their long flowing dresses. Very good footage of Wilson, Keppel (still in Egyptian costume) and Betty dancing on stage, intermixed with a performer backstage zipping a mask of a black man. The finale sees numerous men dressed in smart suits, top-hats and tails and face masks tap dancing.


Duplicate of Wilson, Keppel and Betty section in Turns Can 20 - see separate record for details.




Wilson, Betty & Kepple - incl. Sand Dance



Wilson, Keppel and Betty do famous sand dance at Trocadero - dupe section of PT 164. 



Wilson, Keppel and Betty - 'London Clubs and Cabarets - Trocadero Restaurant' in PT 164.


This is duplicate section from the above story.


We join the story when a small group of girls are dancing in a chorus line on the stage.


Intertitle: 'A smile with Wilson & Keppel'.


L/Ss of Wilson and Keppel doing their famous Egyptian comedy sand dance. The both wear little tunics and Egyptian head-dresses. It's very funny. Man backstage looks through curtain.


Intertitle reads: 'And Wilson, Keppel & Betty "break in" - '.


Wilson and Keppel do a funny dance up and down some steps on the stage (to a kind of hoe-down tune), then Betty (in sparkly and skimpy two-piece costume) joins them for a fast finale to their act, danced to 'Tiger Rag'. One cutaway shot shows a man backstage zipping up a mask on his head so he looks like an African man.


Intertitle reads: 'And the grand finale brings down the curtain - '.


Woman in a white tuxedo with top hat and cane walks on stage and strikes a pose. Curtain is drawn back to show a line of men in evening dress, top hats and canes (and African face masks) standing in the same pose, ready to start dance finale.


Part duplicate of item in Pathetone PT 164 - see separate record for details.




Little Tich - large boot dancer


BOOTS BOOTS BOOTS  29/09/1930   900.10  

Great comedy dance routine by Mr Ally Ford - dancing in very large boots. 



No title. 


C/U of Mr Ally Ford - a vaudeville act of the 1930s. He begins to dance and as the camera pans down we see that he is wearing very big boots. They are like big penguin's feet. During the dance he jumps up and balances on the tips of his boots. It is a pretty good routine and reminds me of something I've seen Little Tich* doing...


Various shots of his dance routine including some slow motion footage. 


Note: flash frame intertitles.


Was an item in Pathé Pictorial issue number 652.


Note*: I'm pretty sure that Little Tich is the correct spelling but for search purposes - Little Titch.




Little Tich - large boot dancer


FATHER'S FOOTSTEPS  05/02/1945   1209.10  

Mary, artist daughter of music hall star Little Tich, shows off her statuettes and sketches.  



Item title reads - Father's footsteps.


Location of events unknown.


C/U model of music hall artist Little Tich made by his daughter Mary. M/S of photographs of her when she was on the stage, C/U of her looking at the pictures. Various shots as she paints a statuette she has made. Various shots of sketches of animals and the finished products. M/S of her caricature of Leslie Henson. M/S of her painting of Little Tich, camera pans across to Mary working on her statuettes. 


Note*: Little Tich is the correct spelling - for search purposes Little Titch.




Little Tich - large boot dancer


FLASHBACKS extracts  1910 - 1919   2845.04  

Reel of extracts from a retrospective documentary tracing the development of moving pictures. 



Check copyright for this material.


A scene from "The Perfect Lady" (according to intertitle but is probably "The Woman"). A husband and his friend arrive home to find Charlie in the parlour with the wife and daughter. Charlie is invited to meet the father. Fight ensues, much slapstick and melodramatic acting. Daughter sprays him with a soda siphon and at some point he loses his trousers. He runs out into the street and a woman faints as she sees him without any trousers on. This last shot may not be in the longer version. 


Little Tich is shown doing a tap dance routine with his big shoes on - they look like flippers. C/U of him making faces through a pair of curtains.


"Never Touched Me" (1919) Harold Lloyd, Harry Pollard and Bebe Daniels star in a Pathé film. Bebe does a sexy cabaret dance. Harold, Harry and other suitors arrive at her house. One of the men drops a banana skin outside the house and slapstick ensues. A blacked up man in drag pushes a pram. He slips on the banana skin, the pram is pushed backwards and forwards, knocking over the black maid and Harold Lloyd. Inside the house Bebe calls for her suitors. Harold plays it all coy but accidentally treads on her foot. Bebe acts in an extremely salacious manner. She grabs him and kisses him. One of the other men sees this through the keyhole. The other suitors come into the boudoir and much slapstick ensues involving a collapsible chair. The men slap each other, Harold ducks out of the way. 


See other record for this film and more complete "Flashbacks" - full version.




Little Tich - large boot dancer


FLASHBACKS Reel 2 (reel 2 is old reels 3 & 4 combined)  1910 - 1912   2985.02  

Retrospective documentary tracing the development of moving pictures. 



Reel 2. Check copyright for this material.


Funeral of King Edward VII featuring his dog Ceasar - 1910. 


Coronation of George V - parade. Fire engine passes along the route the procession was later to take. Shot of the royal carriage followed by cavalry. M/S of King and Queen in an open carraige.


"Home Folks featuring Mary Pickford" - An early silent film is shown- 1912. Melodramatic acting styles and sarcastic commentary throughout, making fun of the storyline and acting. A strict father forbids his son to go to a dance. The son rebels. Shots of Elmer at the dance. Mother and sister wait at home. Father returns and calls his son a scoundrel and a waster (well the narrator puts these words into his mouth!) Son and father have a big fight and he is banished from the home. Elmer cries and Mary sacrifices her life savings for her brother. 


C/U of Mary giving Elmer the coins. The village blacksmith takes a fancy to Mary and goes courting. Father and blacksmith discuss his prospects. Blacksmith is to be their lodger. He tries to make a poetic speech, courting Mary but he is shy. Mary reads the poem. He proposes, she agrees, they shake hands. Shot of the blacksmith at his anvil looking very happy. They marry. Blacksmith (Eddie) gives Mary some money and they kiss on the step as he goes off on a trip to town. 


C/U of a letter from the wayward brother. Mother and daughter decide to show father the letter. He is stubborn but looks at Elmer's old collar which he has as a keepsake. Mary writes to the brother. Eddie returns with a fur coat for Mary. Eddie spots Elmer on the doorstep of the house. Eddie looks through the window and sees Elmer and Mary embracing. 


The siblings go into the parlour to speak to father. Eddie decides to write a letter. Father tells Elmer to get out but Mary negotiates. Father holds his arms out and they embrace. Eddie is just about to leave his letter but before he goes rushes into the parlour and all is revealed. Mary reads his letter. He wraps her in the fur coat and they live happily ever after.


"Under the personal supervision of Tom Webster - Directed by Tom Aitken." "Tishy" -the first British cartoon (allegedly!) is shown. The horse gets up to various antics including training in a gym, writing a letter, getting its legs in a tangle, running in a race etc.


Malcolm Campbell is featured, Various shots of him driving on country roads with a female passenger - possibly his wife. Shots of him breaking the world speed record (Daytona Beach 1931?) 


"Great Artists of the Past" - Sarah Bernhardt is shown acting in a stage play. A suitor tries to woo her and she rebuffs him. Little Tich is shown doing a tap dance routine with his big shoes on - they look like flippers. C/U of him making faces through a pair of curtains.


"Never Touched Me" (1919) Harold Lloyd, Harry Pollard and Bebe Daniels star in a Pathé film. Bebe does a sexy cabaret dance. Harold, Harry and other suitors arrive at her house. One of the men drops a banana skin outside the house and slapstick ensues. A blacked up man in drag pushes a pram. He slips on the banana skin, the pram is pushed backwards and forwards, knocking the black maid and Harold Lloyd. Inside the house Bebe calls for her suiters. Harold plays it all coy but accidentally treads on her foot. Bebe acts in an extremely salacious manner. She grabs him and kisses him. One of the other men sees this through the keyhole. The other suitors come into the boudoir and much slapstick ensues involving a collapsible chair. The men slap each other, Harold ducks out of the way. Another man arrives and is hit by a flying pot that Harold throws out of the windows. The men try to hide from the newcomer who is very angry. Farce continues with much going in and out of doors and behind a screen. Bebe leaves the house. She winks at the newcomer and he looks very keen. Harold tricks him and leaves with the girl. 


Clive Brook is seen acting in an early unnamed film. Genteel parlour room scene as he takes tea with two women. They are dressed in Georgian costume. Another scene introduces a man sitting in an armchair with a dog on his lap. Another man speaks to him making him angry. He chases the man away.


Ronald Colman is featured playing a card game with other smartly dressed men. They smoke and relax as if after dinner. One of the men lies asleep on a couch. They are all a bit drunk. They try to wake their friend. They paint a moustache on him. 


See other reels.




Charlie Chaplin and Eight Lancashire Lads


HERE & THERE  08/01/1931   934.08  

Scenes from the revue show "Here and There" featuring Nervo & Knox and the Chelsea Follies. 



Archie de Bear's "Chelsea Follies" are seen appearing at the Victoria Palace Theatre in London (possibly in a revue called "Here and There"). A line of chorus girls walks onto the stage. They lean forward and draw apart their skirts (!) which are short and split down the middle. They then pretend to be putting on stockings or stroking their legs. They then do some high kick routines. We see these in L/S and from a closer view on stage which shows only legs and bodies of the women - not their faces. The girls sing as they fling their legs in the air. They have hats that look like artists' palettes - cute. 


"No picture of Chelsea would be complete without some Chelsea Models - here are the Artist's ideals." M/S of glamour girls emerging through curtains at the back of the stage posing in long gowns. A man in a dressing gown admires the models and draws back a curtain revealing a woman standing inside a cupboard type affair. He helps her to step down then leads her to the front of the stage. "Fast stepping - by the Eight Lancashire Lads -" L/S of the boys dressed in sailor suits with bell bottoms. They do a tap routine crossed with a sailor's hornpipe, they stand on little circular podiums. They end their dance crouching down and looking out to sea. Apparently the Eight Lancashire Lads were famous for clog dancing. Can't really see their clogs for the flares! [Prob. includes Charlie Chaplin - CJB]


"And Nervo & Knox have a little trouble on the Embankment." A group of people stand beside a coffee stand. Signs on the stand read: "Tea Coffee Cocoa" One of the men is dressed as a pierrot. C/U of him speaking into a stick style telephone. C/U of the other two men who laugh at him. A posh looking woman stands at the coffee stall. The men try to chat her up but she walks off with the pierrot. The other two men follow them impersonating their walk. One of the funny men grabs the telephone. Various funny business ensues with the proprietor of the stand ducking through and being hit on the head by Nervo (or Knox) with an umbrella. A slapstick fight ensues. A very smart man in a Naval uniform comes onto the stage and the proprietor of the coffee stand gets back behind the counter. The proprietor throws some strings of sausages (?) out of his stand and then he and Nervo and Knox push it off stage. (Obviously this comedy sketch loses a lot without sound!) 


Was an item in Eve's Film Review issue number 501. Safety print exists.




Five Sherry Brothers


THE FIVE SHERRY BROTHERS (BROS) (issue title PLAY-TIMING)  09/04/1936   1214.12  

The Five Sherry Brothers show off their versatility as musicians, singers and dancers. 



The Five Sherry Brothers. Part of the PLAY-TIMING issue.


Probably shot in Pathé Studio, London.


Various shots of four of the Five Sherry Brothers in white ties and tails, playing the piano, two violins and a lap guitar respectively. The tune is 'Love's Old Sweet Song'. The fifth brother walks into shot, whistling the tune on his fingers! It sounds a bit like a theremin.


Cut to three of the brothers doing a fast tap routine with the other two play piano and violin. We then cut to two of the brothers in funny little hats, singing a comic song about "Poor Man's Heaven" (?). Cut to three of the brothers tap dancing and tumbling while playing their violins; one of the others plays the piano. Versatile, aren't they?


Other tunes heard are "Lazin'" and "I've Told Them All About You".




Five Sherry Brothers


SHERRY BROS  13/05/1937   1238.08  

The Sherry Brothers perform "Hilly Billy Blues" and "Sailor Where Art Though" as well as some musical arrangements.  



The Sherry Brothers. MUSIC Sweetheart Lets Grow Edwards. I. Dash. Old Together Sailor Where Art Thou. P. Maurice Hilly Billy Blues. I. Dash.


Probably filmed at Pathé Studios, London. 


M/S of the Sherry Brothers, two play violins and another sits and plucks a guitar, a fourth plays piano and the last one whistles like a bird through his fingers. C/U's of the men performing, they finish this tune and exit leaving the piano player who gets up and starts singing "Hilly Billy Blues", the others come back to join him, one plays violin and another plays the guitar. After they have completed this song they walk off again and the piano player sits down with a sailor's hat on his head and sings "Sailor Where Art Though", the others come on and do a tap dancing routine.



Sword Dancing incl. Rapper


MINER DANCERS  11/12/1930   761.10  

Miners in Newcastle perform an traditional folk dance with swords.



Full title reads: "Newcastle. Miner Dancers. Winlaton's veteran troupe of working miners - the youngest is over 60 - rehearse their Centuries old dances for forthcoming folk dance festival."


Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear.


A group of elderly men walk towards camera. One of them is playing a squeezebox / accordion. They are followed by a small group of children. They take off their jackets.


Pan along dancers. They are holding swords to perform a sword dance. The traditional folk dance has been going on for a long time. 


The men perform their traditional dance. CU of the man playing the accordion. More shots of the dance.


Note: this form of dancing is called 'rapper dancing' and originates for North East England. AH 2001.




Sword Dancing incl. Rapper


CINEVIEWS IN BRIEF (NO. 6)  23/11/1936   1142.14  

Cineviews in Brief - excavations in Leptis Magna and Pompeii; a dam and flooded village in Moravia; and an ancient sword dance in Austria.  



Item title reads - Cineviews in brief. 


01:25:30 - M/S of Leptis Magna in Africa. The camera pans down from sky to ruins of temple and across bricks. M/S of excavation being carried out at the site. M/S of a large carved wall which has been uncovered, it includes depictions of figures and horses. M/S of granite columns, various good shots of the ruins. M/S's of Roman baths. 


01:26:17 - Pompeii, Italy. L/S of mount Vesuvius. Various shots of archaeologists excavating the site at Pompeii. M/S of an amphitheatre which has been very well preserved, the camera shows various parts of it. L/S of Vesuvius smoking quietly.


01:26:50 - Moravia, Czech Republic. L/S of a large dam. L/S of the new village on the mountainside. The old village was flooded to make the dam. Various shots of parts of the old village still visible above the waterline. M/S of the old church spire.


01:27:24 - M/S of an ancient sword dance of Austria. A clown, who represents the enemy, has to be rounded up and then the oldest peasant stands on his back.




Sword Dancing incl. Rapper


MINER DANCERS  20/12/1926   662.06  

Traditional form of sword dancing (rapper dancing) performed by elderly miners. 



Full title reads: "Miner Dancers. Winlaton's Veteran Troop of working miners ... the youngest is over 60! rehearse their centuries old dances for forthcoming All-England Folk Dance Festival".




M/S of group of elderly men in flat caps removing their jackets. They are watched by a crowd of people standing at side of village square. Each man holds a sword. High angled shot of men walking into middle of square and stand in a line. One man turns and reprimands boisterous crowd of children behind them. 


The dancing team of five men then do a traditional jig, creating an unbroken chain with their swords. A sixth man plays an accompaniment on a penny whistle. Various shots of dance, including close up on their clogs tapping. At the end of the dance, they entwine their swords to create a star shape. Panning C/U of the dancers, one man holds the star shaped mesh of swords. 


Cuts exist - see separate record for details.


Note: this form of dancing is called 'rapper dancing' and originates for North East England. AH 2001.




Sword Dancing incl. Rapper


MINERS MAKE MUSIC  06/05/1948   1428.12  

Fist National Colliery Music Festival at Harringay Arena, London. 



Mute negative of the title and first several seconds of the item is missing - sound only. Combined print copy of the item is transferred and can be found on the same tape Film ID 1428.16.


Full title reads: "MINERS MAKE MUSIC".


Harringay Arena, London.


The First National Colliery Music Festival at Harringay Arena. Long shot of arena showing mass of dancers. Dancers moving past camera. Side view of dancers. Several shots of dancers - all folk dancing. Close up shot of the spectator. Sword dancers. Front view of sword dancers. Close up shot of sword dancers. Orchestra with statue of miner in background, panning to audience. Bandsmen, side view. Side view of Sir Adrian Boult conducting. Choir, panning back through orchestra to conductor.




Sword Dancing incl. Rapper


MINERS MAKE MUSIC  06/05/1948   1428.16  

Combined print copy of the story. 



Full title reads: "MINERS MAKE MUSIC".


This is the combined print of the Newsreel Story MINERS MAKE MUSIC found in Pathé Gazettes issue 48/37. Mute and Track negative also transferred and can be found on the same tape - Film ID 1428.12. Part of the mute negative at the beginning of the item missing.


Harringay Arena, London.


The First National Colliery Music Festival at Harringay Arena. Long shot of arena showing mass of dancers. Dancers moving past camera. Side view of dancers. Several shots of dancers - all folk dancing. Close up shot of the spectator. Sword dancers. Front view of sword dancers. Close up shot of sword dancers. Orchestra with statue of miner in background, panning to audience. Bandsmen, side view. Side view of Sir Adrian Bould conducting. Choir, panning back through orchestra to conductor.




Wooden Shoes Dancing



Good film with the sons and daughter of famous stars of the past providing variety and entertainment. 





L/S's and M/S's of Ralph Coram standing next to a microphone introducing himself. He say he is the son of the famous ventriloquist. He introduces his younger brother Bill Coram. He asks Bill what he is going to do. Bill tells his brother to close his eyes and count to three. When he opens them again Bill has been transformed into an old lady called Fanny. The disguised Bill says that he is a blues singer. L/S's of Bill singing 'I've got Dancing Feet'. L/S's and M/Ss of Ralph dancing with very large wooden shoes. He even manages to dance on tiptoe.



Making Wooden Shoes


KIRI-CLOGS - A TALE OF JAPAN  17/03/1932   954.22  

Old fashioned techniques used in the production of Japanese wooden clogs.



"Miss Japan's clogs are made from Kiri-wood, well-seasoned." M/S of large piles of wood. Two Japanese men walk through the piles of wood towards the camera. Closer shot of one of the piles. Man sits on the ground and examines a piece of wood. C/U of him pointing out the cutting marks in the wood. 


"The sawyer's workshop is the open air - and feet form a vice - " Man sitting on the ground holds the wood with his feet and saws through it - no need for a Black and Decker workmate here! Watch your toes! (The man has bare feet). "This fellow's been at it for thirty years, and never lost a toe!" C/U of him sawing crossways through the wood. 


"Chisels and planes complete the saw's job - " C/Us of parts of the wood being chopped out and planed. "Brace and bit have taken their place in a process 5,000 years old." A small hand drill is used on the clogs. "Leather binders, now." A small wooden mallet is used, leather straps are thread through the holes in the wood. "And Miss Japan's walking-out shoes are in order - " Young child walks away from the camera in her wooden flip-flops. 


Was an item in Eve's Film Review issue number 563.




Making Wooden Shoes


WOODEN SHOES (issue title is TIME WILL TELL)  01/03/1943   1558.22  

A woman tries out pair of (not very glamorous) shoes with wooden soles.



Part of issue TIME WILL TELL.


Location of events unknown.


Various shots of woman in shoe shop opening box and taking out new type of wooden soled shoes. She puts the shoes on. They are made a bit like old fashioned clogs, they look a bit frumpy! Various shots of woman walking along pavements and going up steps. 


Narrator refers to them as "emergency footwear". Although this is not made clear in commentary, the wooden shoes are probably due to leather rationing.




Making Wooden Shoes


WOODEN SHOES (issue title is ON YOUR TOES)   17/05/1943   1562.09  

Wooden soled shoes being made in Somerset.  



Part of issue ON YOUR TOES.




Various shots of wooden soled shoes being made a factory. The soles have leather uppers and leather treads (to prevent wear and noise whilst walking). Various shots of pair of finished ladies' shoes being compared to pair of old fashioned Lancashire clogs. The modern wooden shoes are marginally less frumpy than the Lancashire clogs. 


Wooden shoes were wartime alternative, due to leather and rubber shortages.




Clogs - Miscellaneous



Out takes (rushes, cuts) for stories in CP 507.


NEWS IN A NUTSHELL  27/05/1935   827.17  

Fires in Kilburn and Sussex, a Police walking race, a clog dance in Michigan, the Royal Jubilee drive, Royal Tattoo rehearsals and a blessing for Alpine guides with the Duke of Bergamo


CAUGHT BY THE CAMERA (NO. 26)  25/03/1935   1114.14  

A large three-year-old boy, men making clogs from wooden blocks and a bullet-proof vest from the United States of America.


BELGIAN FISHERFOLK IN SONG & DANCE  07/03/1938   947.56  

Belgian fishermen and women sing a traditional song and do a clog dance at Dover.


HERE & THERE  08/01/1931   934.08  

Scenes from the revue show "Here and There" featuring Nervo & Knox and the Chelsea Follies.


CLOGS  04/08/1938   1260.05  

An item showing a firm in Stirlingshire making clogs of all shapes and sizes. Scotland.


CLOGS  19/01/1942   1540.22  

A look at how clogs are made.




Morris, Maypole and Other Folk Dancing


THE PADSTOW "HOBBY HOSS"  06/05/1932   673.20  

Ancient custom carried out in the streets of a Cornwall Town - men dressed as horses welcome Summer.



Morris dancers entertain large crowds at Chester racecourse.


"YE MERRIE MONTHE OF MAYE"  04/05/1931   759.15  

People in Oxford celebrate the start of May with traditional ceremonies.


"MERRIE ENGLAND" - ONCE AGAIN!  11/06/1931   809.22  

Traditional folk dancing festival at Blenheim Palace.



May Day procession - crowning of the May Queen - Maypole dancing.


BETTER THAN EVER  12/08/1929   798.19  

Crowds of people turn out for the Newport Carnival, Wales. 




The Duke and Duchess of Northumberland attend garden fete at Alnwick Castle.



South African schoolgirls demonstrate traditional dances - may pole, Morris and Dutch.


MONTE MORRIS (aka MONTY MORRIS) (issue title is BREAK AWAY)  10/08/1939   1276.25  

Monte Morris does novelty tap dance routine on stilts.


FAIR'S FAIR!  12/07/1956   587.23  

London's International sector goes gay.


Special - THE ROYAL VISIT  08/11/1956   599.36  

Queen visits Abingdon and Wallingford.


INTERNATIONAL MUSIC FESTIVAL  09/07/1951   1461.34  

Musicians and dancers from all over the world come to National Eisteddfod. Llangollen, Wales.


HOP HARVEST CELEBRATED  22/09/1960   1706.36  

Footage of hop harvest celebrations at Canterbury in Kent.


PRINCESS AT CHRISTMAS DANCE  20/12/1962   1743.06  

Princess Margaret watches a traditional English Folk Dance then joins in with the next one.


THE LORD MAYOR'S SHOW  12/11/1967   2047.01  

Colour item showing Lord Mayor's show carnival procession in London.


VILLAGE DANCE (issue title PATHÉ PICTORIAL GOES INTO THE COUNTRY)  11/08/1947   1341.06  

Morris Dancers give displays in a village street and on the village green.



Summer County Festival in Chester. Country dancing, pets and games


SOHO CARNIVAL - 1957  1957   3393.04  

Good coverage of the Soho Carnival parade. Lots of floats and scantily clad women.


MAY DAY  1914 - 1918   1944.09  

Little girls in white do traditional dancing and prance around the maypole on May Day.


DANCE COMPILATION  1940 - 1959   2979.01  

Lots of bits and pieces of dance footage - mostly 1940s and 1950s.


TIME TO REMEMBER - A NEW ERA 1931 - reel 2  1931   1103.02  

Good documentary about the world in the early 1930s.




Other searches of Pathé News Archive:***


British Movietone News - Archive

Register (free) - then login - you can save search results and play thumbnail versions of the film clips. Search Main Subject: 'clog' 'tap' 'clogs' 'dancing' etc. 

Film Title: No Title



Date: 28/02/1964 

Length: 372 secs  

Story no.: 87991


Shot List: Royal Ballet School dances outside the Albert Hall, Various shots. Loftus Sword Dancers GV. MS acordion players group shot showing costume. Portugese dancers inside Albert Hall, GV. CU. JACKIE TOADUFF, clog dancer from N.E. England GV, CU Toaduff. CU violin player. Swedish Folk Dancers, various dancing shots, group shot showing costume.




Location: Switzerland 

Date: 26/06/1967 

Length: 73 secs  

Story no.: 92474


Description: Not only boots are made for walking. British visitors to a Swiss village may return home with a pair of Clogs, made by a seventy year old craftsman.


Shot List: MS Monsieur Gaignat marking a block of wood to rough size. CU ditto. MS Monsieur Gaignat cutting block of wood rough size. CU ditto (x2). CU wood fitted to lathe. MCU lathe cutting wood to pattern of clog. CU ditto (x2). MS ditto. CU ditto. CU Monsieur Gaignat operating lathe. CU lathe cutting wood to pattern. MCU Monsieur Gaignat fixes clog to machine which hollows out inside of shoes. CU ditto. CU Monsieur Gaignat operating machine. CU machine hollowing out inside of clogs. CU ditto. MS Monsieur Gaignat trimming outside of clogs. MCU Monsieur Gaignat smoothing outside of clogs. CU Monsieur Gaignat smoothing inside of clogs. MCU ditto. CU Monsieur Gaignat holding finished clogs. MLS Monsieur Gaignat putting pair of clogs onto pile. MS ditto.


Film Title: No Title


Location: N/A 

Date: 1978 

Length: 425 secs  

Story no.: 80/6


Shot List: Cars up to and into camera. Massed 8 lane highway - including cross over bridges. CU. various types of cars including "hot rods". Two VW Beetles massed cars in park. Atlanta: Georgia. arrivals at airport. Woman cine camera man. Travelling shots along road with nice white houses either side. Folk dancing: hoe down clog dancing. Buildings: black posters on wall. Coloured man singing. Woman mounted policeman - good shots 




Location: Albert Hall, London, UK 

Date: 24/02/1969 

Length: 73 secs  

Story no.: 94443


Description: Coco-nut dancers from Bakup - Sword dancers from Turkey. The recent Folk Dance Festival at the Albert Hall is certainly far from Folksy!


Shot List: MS pan from statue outside Albert Hall to clog dancer Norman Robinson dancing. Four shots Norman dancing. MLS Britannia coco-nut dancer of Bakup. MS brass band. 2 shots of coco-nut dancers showing black faces at wooden discs on knees. MS Turkish war dance. 4 shots Turkish dance showing war like manoeuvres. LAS dancers swords form circle about camera. MS dancer runs into formation to make circle. LAS dancers swords form circle above camera. LAS ditto.


Film Title: Signs Multiply Of Better Time Coming

Card Title: Signs Multiply Of Better Time Lancashire Mills And Mines Reopened

Location: N/A 

Date: 15/10/1931 

Length: 89 secs  

Story no.: 1466


Description: Hope revives in industrial Lancashire, as mills and mines re-open and fires are stoked afresh.


Shot List: Shots of the Mill chimney smoking, shot of the knocker-up tapping at the windows. Close shot of womens' clogged feet walking to work. Shots of chimney. Shots of workers going to the factory. Furnaces being stoked. Shot of piston working. Machinery at work. Girls on the looms. Men at work. Shot exterior of mine and wheel turning. CU wheel turning. Men go down in cage. Miner at work with drill. Full coal trucks underground. Factory chimney and football game in the foreground.


Film Title: No Title


Location: America

Date: 1935

Length: 356 secs  

Story no.: 6086


Shot List: Shirley c.u. singing. Cu's etc. singing and dancing in train. Shots of Shirley with parents. Dancing with another man. Close shots being awarded with scroll. Close shot of Shirley looking at the scroll. Close shot of feet of Shirley and man ?? Bill Robinson tap dancing up stairs. Long shot of the dance act. Shots of the Shirley with statuette. With parents. Hollywood award to Shirley. Unveiling of picture of Shirley Temple Seen with Will Rogers who speaks. Shirley with large birthday cake and at birthday party. Shots on see-saw with dog on the other end. C.u. Shirley on see-saw. Cu dog on see saw. Shirley seated on lap of a man. Sound Music 'Baby take a Bow'. 'Happy Birthday to you. Singing- 'Good Ship Lollipop' Dog yapping. Tap Dancing. Children laughing. Will Rogers at Unveiling. Various sounds of Shirley's voice- awards-unveiling. 'Can I go now mother' Shirley laughing.


John Huntley Archives

Use search terms 'clog danc' 'clog' 'clogs' ' jig' etc.

Film Number: 7625  |  Category: Dance   |  Decade: 1890's   |  Sound:   | Colour: B/W

Men's dancing contest. A kind of clog dance or unusual Irish possibly. Each man dances alone on a platform before a row of seated male judges. A placard is held up with the name of each contestant as he dances. The winner receives a huge boxing style belt.

Film Number: 882  |  Category: Dance   |  Decade: 1940's   |  Sound: Sound   | Colour: B/W

Dan Leno 's clog dance is copied, close up of feet clog dancing. Little Tich is also copied, in his big boots, not a bad impersonation. Modern tap dance, Astaire and Rogers type dance routine. Man in dinner suit, woman in long flowing dress. They tap dance Hollywood style, just like Fred and Ginger, on a chequered floor of black and white with curtain backdrop. Very good fast turn in couple. Black cocktail waiter behind a bar. He gets up onto the bar and does a rumba, soft shoe shuffle type of tap routine. He wears a white jacket like a waiter. Close up of shiny black shoes. It is slick, smooth with good twisted jumps. Rather wild jumps down on his knees and up again. Great leaning back on hands and kicking out rabbit style (2 minutes).

Film Number: 14849  |  Category: Dance   |  Decade: 1940's   |  Sound: Sound   | Colour: B/W

Huge dance and ballet compilation which also includes the above dances.

Film Number: 3228  |  Category: Entertainment + Leisure   |  Decade: 1960's   |  Sound: Sound   | Colour: Colour

'Midsummer Music.' A colour and sound film showing events and crowd activity at the Eisteddfod Music and Dance festival, in Wales. Throughout, soundtrack plays folk jig, possibly with clog dancing and ending with applause...Two women in blue aprons and white headscarves stand to right of two men, all in black with black hats and wearing clogs...

Film Number: 17813  |  Category: Industry + Work   |  Decade: 1960's   |  Sound: Sound   | Colour: B/W

Three Films: 1. Bell-ringers or campanologists, 2. clog-dancers, 3. the work of the Coal Board Engineering Establishment.

Title Card 2: Co. Durham. Clogged. A Mr Jansen, ex-miner, holds up a dancing shield. He is in his living-room in Chester-le-Street. Joined by daughter and grand-daughter. Grand-daughter steps up onto wooden box and performs little dance. Close up dancing feet. Village hall, young girls clog dancing in a row, wearing clogs, shorts and shiney blouses. Close ups enthusiastic faces of young children and dancing feet.

Film Number: 15476  |  Category: Newsreels + Film Magazines   |  Decade: 1960's   |  Sound: Sound   | Colour: B/W

"Crafts and Traditions". Country crafts including bread making in village ovens, wooden clog making, glass making, casting of metal sculptures (life-sized people), identification of chicks to establish sex.

Film Number: 7678  |  Category: Sport   |  Decade: 1940's   |  Sound: Silent   | Colour: B/W + Colour

Amateur home movie. [B/w] Slow motion film of schoolgirls doing high jump at school sports day. Teenager. Three-legged race. Parents races. At Twyford. Girls running around like wood nymphs, and dressed as waitresses. Girl does Irish jig. Various dances....

North West Film Archive

Use search terms 'clog danc' 'clog' 'clogs' ' jig' etc.

Film No.314 - GAWTHORPE MAYPOLE FESTIVAL - Producer: Pathé - 1914 - b/w, silent, 4 min.17 sec. 

The May Queen is crowned then the Maypole Festival is held in a field - on a platform girls and boys perform various clog, morris and traditional dances. Girls weave intricate patterns in the maypole dance.

Film No.200 - MIDDLETON PARISH SCHOOL PAGEANT - Producer: Unknown - 1917 - b/w, silent, 2 min.39 sec.

Participants are shown in the school playground watched by an audience of (mainly) women. Some servicemen, veterans and local dignitaries appear plus a childrens choir. The pageant procession moves off and features children dressed in the national costumes of countries involved in the war; some children perform a clog dance.

Film No.101 - WILMSLOW CARNIVAL - Producer: Unknown - 1923 - b/w, silent, 6 min.25 sec. 

There is a carnival procession through crowded streets, consisting of bands, floats, people in fancy dress etc. Various people perform clog and morris dances, and also featured are acrobats and fancy dress.

Film No.1191 - GARSTANG WHIT PROCESSION - Producer: Mr Thomas - *1933/34 - b/w, silent, 12 min.00 sec.

Footage of a whit procession through Garstang town centre. Also a May Queen ceremony, three girls dancing for a large crowd and a clog dance performed by a young girl and boy. Final scenes from a fancy dress parade, also through Garstang.

Film No.525 - LANCASHIRE PRIDE - Producer: George Whittaker/Glen Mills Studios - 1950 - colour , sound, 57 min.20 sec. 

Part one is a dramatised history of the hand loom weavers in Wycoller and the effects on them of the coming of power looms. Part two shows work at Glen Mills in 1950 - the processes involved in producing cotton fabrics; and canteen facilities for staff.

Film No.2931 - EASTER 1962: PACE EGG PLAY BY THE FURNESS MORRIS MEN - Producer: Phillip Taylor - 1972 - colour, sound, 12 min.30 sec. 

Morris dancing in Furness, following by a female team of clog and garland dancers in Saddleworth putting on an outdoor display, and finally a troupe performing morris dancing in Middleton.

Film No.2943 - THE PACE EGG PLAY - PERFORMED BY THE FURNESS MORRIS MEN - EASTER 1978 - Producer: Phillip Taylor - 1978 - colour, sound, 8 min.45 sec. 

Pace egging performed in Cartmel, South Lake District. The performers are seen with the crowd, followed by a display of clog dancing.

Film No.2932 - A YEAR'S EVENTS IN NANTWICH, CHESHIRE - Producer: Phillip Taylor - 1981-2 - colour , sound, 30 min.31 sec. 

Scenes from the Nantwich folklore calendar - Scottish country dancing and children maypolling in the town centre, a mediaeval fair with stall holders dressed in costume and mediaeval street entertainment, morris dancing, women clog dancers and blacked-up morrismen. The film ends with a re-enactment of the Battle of Nantwich.

Film No.2911 - CHILDREN'S FOLK DAY, OSWALDTWISTLE - Producer: Phillip Taylor - 1983 - colour, sound, 7 min.00 sec. 

Scenes of a children's folk dancing performance in a school hall, followed by exterior shots of St Mary's Clog and Country Dancing Club in the street.

Film No.2953 - KIRKBY LONSDALE VICTORIAN FAIR 1988 - Producer: Phillip Taylor - 1988 - colour, sound, 13 min.00 sec. 

Footage from Kirkby Lonsdale Victorian Fair, with shots of shops and stalls, various costumes participants, and performances from both Leyland Morris Men and Oswaldtwistle Clog Dancers.

Film No.610 - CLOGS IN LANCASHIRE - Producer: Partington Hall Film Unit - 1943 - b/w, silent, 12 min.02 sec. 

A film advertising the manufacture and wearing of clogs in Lancashire. The stages of manufacture are shown from the felling of trees to the making of metal caulkers for the soles. There are a variety of shots of people wearing clogs, especially children, and of their repair.

Film No.226 - HOME TOWN, ROCHDALE - Producer: BBC - 1956 - b/w, silent, 7 min.07 sec. 

"A visit in the centenary year of the incorporation of the Borough." Shot of the town - exteriors of factories; streetscenes; a church, churchyard and gravestones; centenary decorations; town centre and shops; Toad Lane and the first Co-op shop; Gracie Fields' birthplace; Hollingworth Lake and sailing; and a long sequence showing a clog-maker at work.

Film No.3283 - SALFORD DERELICTION AND REDEVELOPMENT 5 - Producer: University of Salford - 1967/ 9 - colour, silent, 49 min.30 sec. 

Scenes shot around the Ordsall area of Salford, with shots of terraced houses, residents, children playing, police cars and scenes of demolition. Other footage includes various activities and shops in the locality - road sweeping, a horse-drawn ice cream van, a clog-makers, a betting shop, a barbers and a pub. There are scenes in various local homes, shots of chimneys and gasometers, small children playing in an abandoned car, a church parade and a football game played in the street. There are also scenes shot on various building sites and around the demolition of the terraces.

Film No.2695 - SPORTS DAY AND WIMBLEDON - Producer: Mrs D. Buxton - 1984 - colour, silent, 5 min.05 sec.

The film has three parts; the first is at a sports day at The Firs Primary School where a group of small girls do what appears to be a song-and-dance routine. The second part features a school visit to from Whitby High School, Ellesmere Court to Wimbledon Schools Tennis Day, looking at Centre Court and meeting tennis player Mark Cox. The third part shows a woman dancing a jig.

Colne Valley Museum

colne.jpg (14485 bytes) This independent museum is housed in three weavers' cottages and displays items associated with local life, culture, and industry, mainly in the period 1840-1920. cmus5.jpg (17344 bytes)There are two livings rooms, a loom chamber with two looms, a spinning jenny (pictured below) and a cropping display, a gas lit clogger's shop and a room devoted to a series of exhibitions which are changed every six weeks. They make and sell clogs and cloth. They have some archival videos of films available - the most significant is of the old silent b&w film "Last of a Line of Clogmakers." They also have a home made film of Clog Making at the Museum. Other videos they have are copies of BBC Chronicle - the start of the Colne Valley Museum - 1972, and one from Anglia T.V. - the start of Clogmaking at the Museum. Email:

Unknown Sources

Jaimeson Film

'Lost' Jaimeson film of old Scottish Border social dancing - contact Barrie Callaghan. This old b&w film, rescued from a skip, is of a demonstration team of 'cottage bondagers' (farm labourers 'bonded' to their cottages) from the 1930s.

Web Sites & Articles (Online)



The Digital Video Research Archive of Morris, Sword, and Clog Dancing at Boston University - English and American Performances 1975 - present
The Digital Video Research Archive is a research initiative built on the work of Anthony G. Barrand and Francisco J. Ricardo, Ph.D. (UNI '99) at Boston University.
Its foundation is a unique thirty-year chronological record of change and non-change of dance movement and accompaniment-style through aging and generational replacement of dancers.
This library comprises several thousand performances whose material is searchable through a simple but multilayered interface intended to support both basic search and more complex hermeneutic research in this area.


Step and Clog Dance - free discussion forum on Delphi. Initially go in as a 'Guest'



English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS) Records and preserves English folk music, dance and song of the past, as well as the emerging folk traditions of today and the future. Has an extensive archival library (catalogue not online). Has online Folk Shop. Email: or

British Library Catalogue - use search terms 'clog' - 'jig' - 'clog danc*' - 'jig danc*' - etc.

18'th Century Stage Dancing - Contortionists and other Performers. Early Eighteenth-Century Newspaper Reports compiled by Rictor Norton. Includes rope dancing (taught and slack), tumbling, hornpipe dancing, and other contemporary entertainments.

2. A celebrated Dutch woman’s daughter, whose mother had the honour to dance before King Charles the Second, dances a jigg, and shews as great variety of steps as any dancing master can on the ground; likewise dances upon a board laid on the rope blindfold, with fetters and baskets.  

19'th Century Stage Dancing - at the Adelphi 1806-1900 - London. Dances, Choreographers, and Dancers included the following clog hornpipe, sailor's hornpipe and other dance performances (more unusual are highlighted):

» hornpipe in character of British sailor: Mrs. [Thomas E.] Ridgway (06 Jul 1809)

» hornpipe: May (03 Apr 1810)
» hornpipe by three (25 Jun 1810)
» hornpipe in fetters: Grant (13 Sep 1810)
» triple hornpipe: Goodwin; Miss Ward; Miss Lever (26 Dec 1810)

» triple hornpipe: Goodwin; Miss Ward; Miss Lever (06 Apr 1811)

» mock bolero: Young Jones; Sig. Montignani (10 Feb 1812)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (24 Feb 1812)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (19 Mar 1812)
» egg hornpipe: Turner (19 Mar 1812)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (24 Feb 1812)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (19 Mar 1812)
» egg hornpipe: Turner (19 Mar 1812)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (21 Dec 1812)
» favorite hornpipe: Miss [Jane] Giroux (21 Dec 1812)
» hornpipe: Miss F. Giroux (21 Dec 1812)
» hornpipe in fetters: Swan (23 Dec 1812)

» skipping rope hornpipe: Miss [Jane] Giroux (23 Dec 1813)
» naval hornpipe: Swan (23 Dec 1813)

» broad sword hornpipe: Miss Browne (24 Jan 1814)
» fantastic hornpipe: [Richard] Flexmore (07 Feb 1814)
» hornpipe: Miss [Jane] Giroux (28 Feb 1814)
» naval hornpipe: Swan (28 Feb 1814)
» double broadsword hornpipe: [Gabriel] Giroux; Miss [Jane] Giroux; Miss C. ["Peggy"] Giroux; Miss F. Giroux; Miss L[ouisa] Giroux (14 Mar 1814)
» fantastic medley hornpipe: [Richard] Flexmore (22 Mar 1814)

» Highland reel finale: Miss Gibbs (19 Jan 1815)
» naval hornpipe: John Jones (16 Feb 1815)
» sailor's hornpipe: W. Shaw (23 Feb 1815)
» Irish lilt and jig, hornpipes, pas seuls, pas deux, grand finale (14 Mar 1815)
» broadsword hornpipe: Miss Brady (16 Mar 1815)
» double hornpipe: [Edwin] Yarnold; Miss Hart (16 Mar 1815)
» characteristic mystic broom dance [Austin] (26 Dec 1815)

» broad sword hornpipe: Miss Le Brun (21 Mar 1816)
» clog hornpipe: Master Louis R. Dore (21 Mar 1816)
» naval hornpipe: "The Waterman" Bemetzrieder (21 Mar 1816)
» pas deux: "Irish Lilt and Jigg" Miss Hart (21 Mar 1816)
» naval hornpipe: Miss E. Dore (first and only app here) (26 Mar 1816)
» clog hornpipe: Master Louis R. Dore (04 Apr 1816)
» clog hornpipe: Young Jones (26 Dec 1816)

» hornpipe: Young Jones (17 Mar 1817)
» broad sword hornpipe: Miss Payne (29 Dec 1817)

» highland reel finale (02 Nov 1818)
» double naval hornpipe: W[illiam] Kirby; [William H.] Walbourn (26 Dec 1818)

» hornpipe in fetters: Recklaw (1st app) (15 Mar 1819)
» hornpipe: Miss Bohen (23 Mar 1819)
» hornpipe: Johnson (pupil of W[illiam] Kirby, his first attempt) (23 Mar 1819)
» hornpipe (29 Mar 1819)
» hornpipe in fetters: Ridgway (01 Apr 1819)

» hornpipe: Upton (20 Mar 1823)

» "Paddy Carey" [William H.] Walbourn (27 Dec 1824)
» "Over the Water to Charley" [William H.] Walbourn (27 Dec 1824)
» "Drops of Brandy" [William H.] Walbourn (27 Dec 1824)
» "Jack's Alive" [William H.] Walbourn (27 Dec 1824)

» naval hornpipe: Miss J. Bloomfield (25 Jul 1825)
» double hornpipe: W[illiam] Kirby; Miss [Leonora] Pincott (26 Dec 1825)

» naval song and hornpipe: Miss Wilmott (of the late Royalty Theatre) (26 Jun 1826)
» naval hornpipe: Master Lewis (26 Jun 1826)
» original hornpipe: T[homas] P. Cooke (07 Oct 1826)

"At one period there was so loud a call on Kirby for the hornpipe that he was obliged, in order to escape the displeasure of the audience, to come forward and dance the sailor's hornpipe. The scenery was very creditably executed, especially a view of the old and new London Bridge, and the pantomime promises, if we may judge from its reception at its first representation, to be a favourite."

» sailor's hornpipe: T. Jackson (20 Mar 1828)
» Highland Fling finale (22 Mar 1828)
» sailor's hornpipe: Master Kirby (22 Mar 1828)
» sailor's hornpipe: T. Jackson (20 Mar 1828)
» Highland Fling finale (22 Mar 1828)
» sailor's hornpipe: Master Kirby (22 Mar 1828)
» nautical hornpipe: T[homas] P. Cooke (10 Nov 1828)
» wooden shoe dance: C[hristopher] J. Smith; Miss [Millie?] Barnett (26 Dec 1828)

» hornpipe: Master Anthony (20 Apr 1829)
» sailor's hornpipe (in character): John Reeve (09 Nov 1829)

"Old Bailey Quod-Reel" Brown; King; Gibson (15 Feb 1830)
» hornpipe: Miss Coveney (04 Aug 1830)
» hornpipe (in character): John Reeve (18 Oct 1830)
» comic clog pas de quatre: [John] Sanders; Brown; King; Gibson (27 Dec 1830)

» celebrated hornpipe: T[homas] P. Cooke (12 Apr 1832)
» celebrated Highland Fling: Miss Rose (07 Aug 1832)
» skipping rope dance: Mrs. [Caroline] Searle (07 Aug 1832)

» double hornpipe: T[homas] P. Cooke; Mrs. Naylor (16 May 1838)
» hornpipe: Evans (19 May 1838)
» dagger dance: Saundirounn; Ramgoun (01 Oct 1838)
» hornpipe of twelve (15 Oct 1838)
» dagger dance: "The Hindoo Widow's Excitement to Death" Saundirounn; Ramgoun (22 Oct 1838)

» hornpipe: T[homas] P. Cooke (23 Mar 1840)
» characteristic dance of gypsies (10 Apr 1840)» 


to be completed


Finally in 1893 the comment is made "as the Times remarked, sailors no longer danced the hornpipe or shivered their timbers." Which seems to mark the end of theatrical performances of the Sailor's Hornpipe etc. This could also explain why Dan Leno's clog dancing did not meet with any enthusiasm when he moved to London. The music hall audiences, certainly in the South, had moved on to more sophisticated entertainments.

Greenwood Step Clog Dancers - has music and audio files for many of the common clog and step dance routines from the U.K.

Folk Archive Resource North East - includes video clips
      Styles of Clog Dancing in the N.E. - the Ellwood family.
      Clog Dancing - Ivy Sands
      Clog Dancing - Alex Woodcock
      Social Dance (incl. step dancing) - The Dancing Master

Pete Fletcher - Green Ginger Clog musician. Web site for clog musicians. Email:

Deborah Kermode - interview and descriptions of clog hornpipe dancing in Lakeland. Email:

Sarah Croft's 'English Step Dance' website. Excellent links from this site. Email:
      Cornish Stepping
      Dartmoor Stepping
            Bob Cann
            Leslie Rice
      East Anglian Step Dance
            Melodeon players from East Anglia
            Sing, Say or Pay!
            Scan Tester
      New Forest
            Ted Ducket
      Stage Clog-Ballet

Dartmoor / Mendip Step Dancing 
      The Gypsy Step (FARNE) - For those of you who have never seen it, step dancing is similar to clog dancing, the main difference being that dancers where stout leather soled shoes rather than clogs. Dancers usually step on a wooden board about three feet square which is carried around especially for the occasion. If no board is available dancers use the floor if it is uncarpeted, or some other resonant surface.

I have seen packing cases, trestle tables, accordeon boxes, flat bed trucks and horse carts all used to good advantage. In the pub the stepping can be very fast and people tend to jump in and out when they want; the musicians just keep going. Popular step dance tunes include the Gypsy Step, the Boys of Blue Hill or the Pigeon on the Gate. Step dance tunes are played with a fast driving rhythm, undotted with a stronger emphasis on the first beat. As the musician often has to play the same tune for many repetitions, improvisation is not uncommon. Certainly a fluid approach and a keen ear are essential. Dancing can be very competitive, with dancers vying with one another to use the fanciest steps. The monkey dance is an interesting variation on this, with two dancers facing one another, both step at the same time, the one who dances longest is the winner. The tune below is transcribed from the playing of Bob Cann. Bob Cann was well known on Dartmoor as both a dancer and musician. Mark Bazeley, Bob Cann's grandson, always plays concertina for the step dance competition at the Dartmoor Folk Festival. Two tunes are used most of the time: Uncle George's (a version of the Cliff hornpipe) and Tommy Roberts. Other tunes sometimes used include the Schottische Hornpipe, the Cokey Hornpipe, the Coffee Leaf and the Boys of Bluehill. Mark is also the leader of the Pixie Band, Bob's old band, another of whose members is Jason Rice, great nephew of Leslie Rice. Jason is also a mean step dancer; it's good to see the family tradition continuing. Jason and Mark now both make regular appearances at festivals throughout the country, e.g. Sidmouth, Towersey, the National, and the English Country Music Weekend. Veteran (formerly Veteran Tapes) have produced CDs of Bob Cann, Mark Bazeley and Jason Rice and, most recently, the Rice family.

Dan Leno, Champion Clog Dancer of the World. Clog dancing was popular in the north of England, particularly Northumberland and Durham. The 'clogs' were shoes with wooden soles rather than the Dutch variety. The style of dancing was similar to Irish step-dancing in that the body remains immobile and the face expressionless while the feet beat out complicated rhythms like a tap dancer. Dan Leno would boast that he could 'put more beats into sixteen bars of music than a drummer can with his drumsticks.'

"Born in 1860, Dan leno was the son of Mr. And Mrs. Johnny Wilde, who played at cheap music-halls in the ‘sixties, such as the Rotunda in the Blackfriars Road (London). When Wilde died, his widow married one, William Grant, whose stage name was Leno. Accordingly, Dan began his theatrical career as Dan Patrick Leno, singing Irish songs, often in company with Johnny Danvers, his uncle, though, in fact, Danvers was somewhat younger than his nephew."

"Travelling in Lancashire when he was seventeen, Dan heard that a ‘free-and-easy’ was to be held in a local inn. He was allowed to contribute to the amateur talent in consideration of taking a hat round after the song and dance with which Dan obliged. The result was close upon £2, most of it in coppers (old pre-decimal pennies). Plainly there was money in song and clog-dancing, especially in the clog-dancing."

In 1880 he won the competition for Champion Clog Dancer of the World, organised by Joe Wood at the Princess's Music Hall in Leeds. The prize was a gold and silver belt. The clog dancing triumph was the first taste of success for the twenty-year-old Dan who had been scraping a living with the family music hall act all his life. Leno won the title again in 1881 and 1882 but lost it in 1883. Many people were dissatisfied with the decision, so the new champion agreed to a re-match at the People's Music Hall, Oldham. However, his rival managed to ' lose' the belt before the competition took place. Leno emerged victorious from the six-night contest and was presented with this new belt to mark the occasion. He was never seriously challenged again.

"In Lancashire in the ‘eighties clog-dancing was not a mut’s game. Clappers in the shoes were taboo and audiences knew the finer points of the art almost as well as the judges. At St. Helen’s, during a contest at The George, a slate slat was let into the stage floor and the judges were put into the cellar underneath to hear if a dancer missed a tap in time with the piano, cornet, and drums, which constituted the orchestra. Dan could dance for twenty minutes without an error and yet include original steps in his display."

"Dan’s first London appearance was at the Middlesex on October 5th, 1885, as “the celebrated Irish comic vocalist and clog-dancer, Dan Leno.”"

Quoted extracts from "Fifty Year’s Of Vaudeville – 1895-1945," Earnest Short, Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1946. For more info. on see Dan Leno and Dan Leno (biography).

P.S. Unfortunately the London audiences of the late 1800s did not appreciate Dan’s clog-dancing; perhaps unlike the Northerners they had moved on to more sophisticated entertainment such as Gilbert and Sullivan’s comic operas. In London Dan quickly dropped clog-dancing from his repertory.

"A Brief History of Clog Dancing" by Alex Fisher. Clog dance (step-dancing in clogs) is a phenomenon that existed in the industrial regions of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, reaching its peak of popularity between 1870 and 1905. Performed by miners and other industrial labourers, it was often considered a sport as well as an art, and was associated with boxing contests, as it became traditional to compete for a ‘championship belt’. Clog dance competitions grew in popularity particularly after 1880, when Dan Leno became the first Clog Dancing Champion of the World. This contest, which took place at a Leeds music-hall, propelled clog dance onto the stage and encouraged many clog dancers to turn professional. 

Indeed many amateur clog dancers would attend every performance of Dan Leno's and others to try and learn their steps (informant: Sammy Bell - 1980s). But copying each other's steps was frowned upon and could lead to a fight. Steps were jealously guarded and were not taught - unless paid for of course.

CAMERON, Bill (Senior) - Cornwall \ unacc singer \ 1956 - age 86 was step and clog-dancer and used to play the concertina. Recorded by PK, St. Marys, Scilly Isles on 21/11/56

"Juba's Dance - An Assessment of Newly Acquired Information" by Stephen Johnson (c) 2003. In 1947 the dance and popular culture historian Marian Hannah Winter wrote an article called ‘Juba and American Minstrelsy,’ in which she traced – and made significant – the life of the black American dancer William Henry Lane, who performed in the United States and in Britain as ‘Juba’ during the 1840s. Born in the United States, circa 1825, Juba was – according to Winter – performing in dance houses in New York City by the early 1840s, where he was described by Charles Dickens. Juba danced in competitions, variety houses, and with a new phenomenon, the minstrel show, until 1848, when he travelled to England. He appeared at Vauxhall Gardens with the minstrel troupe ‘Pell's Ethiopian Serenaders,’ where his unusual dance technique drew extravagant praise. Juba remained in England, on tour, until his early death in 1852. Originally published in Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Society for Dance History Scholars (SDHS, 2003)

Tameside Image Archive then use 'Search the Archive' with terms like: 'clog' or 'clogs' or 'clogger'. Lots of pictures of old cloggers' (clog makers') shops. Also pictures of folk wearing clogs with irons on. [Note: 'dance' or 'morris' or 'maypole' or 'may pole' gives lots of pictures of Maypole dancing and Morris dancing.] 

Tameside's Industrial Heritage then scroll down to: John Summers Ironworks - Stalybridge. John Summers was a clogmaker who came to Dukinfield from Bolton in 1842. As his clogger's shop flourished he bought the business of his clog iron supplier, Giles Potter, in the next street. A visit to the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace in 1851 changed Summers' fortunes. He saw a state-of-the-art machine which produced hundreds of nails in a very short time and bought the machine using all the available money he had. The risk paid off as his production in Dukinfield rapidly increased and he began to supply clog irons and nails to areas outside of the town - to Stockport, Sheffield and York. By 1852 new, larger premises were bought at Sandy Bank Iron Forge in Stalybridge and, only 11 years later, Summers had 20 employees at his Sandy Vale Cut and Patent Wrought Nail and Iron Clog Iron Works.

Windows on Warwickshire then use 'Quick Search' with terms like: 'clog' 'clogs' etc. A few pictures of old clogger's street sign, and possible a clogger's shop. [Note: 'dance' or 'morris' or 'maypole' or 'may pole' gives lots of old pictures of Maypole dancing and Morris dancing.]

Staffordshire Past Track (with Thumbnails set to 'on') then use 'Quick Search' with terms like: 'clog' 'clogger' etc. Pictures of old clog maker's shop, and also miners and mill workers wearing clogs. [Note: 'dance' gives lots of old pictures of Abbots Bromley, Morris and Maypole teams.]


Dan Furey: A Tribute to the late Dan Furey 1909 - 1993 by Michael Tubridy. The 7th August 1993 was a very sad day for many followers of Irish traditional dancing as it saw the passing away of a man who had spent more than 70 years playing the fiddle and dancing. Dan Furey was born on the 12th Sept 1909, he lived in Lackyle, Labasheeda, in South West Clare, for nearly all of his life, and spent most of his adult years teaching dancing, Céilí dancing and sets, to the people of West Clare, and in latter years even further afield.

Damhsoir Festival and Workshops incl. traditional Half-Door Step Dancing. Competitions and workshops in 'sean-nos,' jig, and other traditional Irish dancing.


Highland and Scottish Step Dance Instructions - useful list, few instructions. Email:

Scottish (Percussive) Step Dance - Mats Melin. Email:

Scottish Traditional Dance - Mats Melin. Email: or


Welsh Dances - Clog Dances / Jigs. Clog and Step Dancing is our only unbroken tradition, in which we have living exponents. Caradoc Pugh of Llanuwchllyn and Hywel Wood of Parc, near Bala, and others were still dancing in the early days of our present revival. Len Roberts was the first to avail himself of their example; and with Mrs. Parker and her Portmadoc children, did much to spread the interest in this kind of dance. Since then Owen Huw Roberts has been most successful, not only in his own dancing, but in teaching the technique to his Colwyn Bay schoolboys, as well as to our more mature members, both male and female. The Clog dancer would use such steps as the Toby, known in England as the Kibby step. In France this is called 'La danse de Chats' and it is often referred to as the Cossack dance. Present day dancers tend to put everything they know into the dance, especially on the Eisteddfod stage.

Welsh Clogging The Welsh are famous for their music and singing. Before the middle of the 19th century, they were also famous for their dancing. The rise of the puritanical Methodist chapel in the early 1800's signalled an end to Welsh dancing. One of the few dance traditions that managed to survived was Welsh step clogging. Danced to jigs and hornpipes, with wooden clogs, these dances were very energetic and a chance for young men to show their prowess. Though as Bardd Alaw pointed out in 1848, not just the young men. "It has frequently been the case that a merry Welsh lass has danced three men down, to the great amusement of the company."

Huw Williams - world champion Welsh clog dancer. Huw Williams has been performing Welsh step-dancing since the age of fifteen. Since then he has become a major force in the field of folk music and dance and his book on clogging is in its third printing. He won several titles at the Welsh National Championships and is in great demand with both radio and television in the U.K. His style of performance is unique, blending traditional steps with contemporary ideas, and as one expert said, " the best by far of anything that has ever been seen." Like American clogging, the Welsh include a variety of energetic "feats" or "tricks", and each clogger is eager to show off his own dexterity and inventiveness. Welsh clogging commonly includes steps such as a Cossack-style kicking squat (called the "Toby"), or high jumping, jumping over a besom broom, or even trying to snuff out a lighted candle with his feet during the dance. Email:


Australian Bush Music and Dance "There was also a tradition of solo step dancing inherited from the British Isles and kept alive here by the circumstances of shearing life where men were isolated from women for months at a time. The tradition seems to have migrated to the pub as the bush developed towns with an Australian tradition of ‘Cellar-flap Dancing’. This was a competition between a dancer and a musician where the rules restricted the dancer to the resonant area of the bar's hatchway over the cellar."

This has also been recorded as a competitive past-time in the rough docks area of The Rocks in Sydney. Apparently at the end of a performance a dancer could stamp three times thereby emulating the expert cracking of a bullock droving whip - it was termed the 'Sydney Three Crack Whip.' 

There is also a report of a bullock drover in Queensland who carried his dancing board strapped to the side of the bullock cart.

Renowned folklorist and collector John Meredith collected numerous step dance tunes, jigs, hornpipes, and reels from the old bush musicians. These have been published in "Folksongs Of Australia - and the men and women who sang them - volumes 1 and 2" which were published by the University of NSW in 1987. However when visited in the late 1980s he could only show me one photo which was of an itinerant rat-catcher step dancing.

Apparently step dancing displays also used to be performed as entertainment at the bush balls frequently held in the woolsheds. This was emulated at the Australian Bicentenary Costumed Ball at Cecil Sharp House in London in 1988 when Ian Dunmur clog danced in the interval.

New Zealand

"Shining with the Shiner" by John A. Lee. Pub. F.W. Mead, trading as Bonds Printing Co., Hamilton, NZ, 1944; Mayfair Books, London, 1963. Also "Shiner Slattery" by John A. Lee. Pub. Collins, Auckland, 1964. Also "Roughnecks, Rolling Stones & Rouseabouts : with an Anthology of Early Swagger Literature" by John A. Lee. Pub. Whitcombe & Tombs, Christchurch,1977. Also "Shiner Slattery" by Jim Henderson, Auckland 1976. 

As in Australia in the 1800s there was a huge influx of migrants to New Zealand mainly from Europe. Many of these were fortune seekers: kauri gum diggers, sealers, whalers, gold diggers, etc. Whilst they took their 'folk' songs and dances with them most of these went unrecorded until the mid-1900s when the folk revival in the U.K. caused New Zealanders to research and collect what remained of their own once thriving folk culture. 

However whilst many songs and tunes were collected, few if any of the dances were collected (other than a few English quadrilles). However there are numerous records of step dancing and step dance competitions especially the old style Irish jigs and hornpipes. A search of the old newspapers for reports of these in the 1800s and early 1900s would be fruitful. 

One itinerant exponent of the Irish Jig was Ned Slattery, otherwise known as 'The Shiner.' Edmond (Ned) Slattery, also known as 'The Shiner', was born in County Clare, Ireland, probably in 1839 or 1840. The names of his parents are not known. After working as a herdsman and ploughman he emigrated with his family to the Victorian goldfields, Australia, in 1869. In the early 1870s he moved to the Shotover River in Otago, New Zealand, to pan for gold. As an itinerant rural worker in Canterbury, Otago and Southland he accumulated a great knowledge of the farms and farmers, particularly in his stamping ground of South Canterbury and North Otago. He also travelled to Australia with the shearing fraternity, possibly for work or to 'cut a dash in Sydney'. He apparently got his nickname from an Irish priest in Lawrence who called him a 'shiner' for avoiding work and getting drunk. His exploits and tricks for a free drink and food are described in some of the books by John A. Lee.  

Slattery was well known for his participation, apparently over 40 years, in the Irish jig competitions held at the Oamaru Caledonian Society's annual games over New Year: 'his famous double shuffle and back skips' of a 'strikingly rollicking order…captured the applause of beholders'. He came second at least once, in 1895, and a hat was often passed around for his benefit.


"Step Dancing" - Canadian v.v. Scottish" - a personal analysis by Mats Melin. Email:

"Stepdancing: A Canadian Tradition" (Ottawa Valley - Cape Breton - Step Dance - Stepdance - Stepdancing) by: Chanda Gibson, Mary Ingram, Celeste Warren, Nicole Magson. November 28, 1996. Email: or

"Cape Breton Step-Dance: An Irish or Scottish Tradition?" by: Sheldon MacInnes, Program Director, Extension & Community Affairs, University College of Cape Breton. Some info. on Cape Breton Step Dancing: as published at the Cork - Cape Breton Festival a couple of years ago. Writing about Cape Breton step-dance is difficult; in fact, writing about any dance is difficult. At the request of the organising committee for the Eigse Na Laoi, this short paper was written on Cape Breton step-dance and its [perceived] origins. There is a useful bibliography at the end.


Country Dance and Song Society (CDSS) Celebrating English and Anglo-American folk dance and music. Extensive archival library now at University of New Hampshire (catalogue online). Has online Folk Shop. Email: or

University of New Hampshire Library - Special Collections - New Hampshire Library of Traditional Music & Dance - has the entire library collection from the archives of the Country Dance & Song Society of America. Includes:
      Basic Hornpipe Routine In The Lancashire Style - Hollis, M
      Clog Steps Taught At Pinewoods, Dw2 - Brown, Peter
      Step Dance - Dunmur, Ian
      Newcastle Series of Clog & Step Dancing
(as listed above)

The Dancing Marleys from Rockhampton, NH. Email:

Ira Bernstein's 'Ten Toes Percussion' website. Email:

Library of Congress - Dance Instruction Manuals Online (1490-1920) - incl. clog and jig dancing - use search terms 'clog' - 'jig' - 'clog danc*' - 'jig danc*' - etc.

Library of Congress - Performing Arts Catalogue - incl. clog and jig dancing - use search terms 'clog' - 'jig' - 'clog danc*' - 'jig danc*' - etc.

Harvard Library Catalogue HOLLIS (incl. Performing Arts)  - use search terms 'clog' - 'jig' - 'clog danc*' - 'jig danc*' - etc.

New York Public Library Catalogue (Dance)  - use search terms 'clog' - 'jig' - 'clog danc*' - 'jig danc*' - etc.

Future Additions

Tradesmen, Sailors, and Romanies

Dock Workers

Clog entertainment in dockside pubs, e.g. Tiger Bay

Sailors - harsh reality

 "Two Year's Before The Mast" - by Richard Henry Dana, Jr. 1834. On board the old sailing ships the music for the shanties - the sailors' work songs - was often provided by an old sailor, who had probably suffered a fall from the yards &/or become too disabled for proper work, playing a fiddle whilst sitting on a bollard or the capstan. The capstan could also be used for step dancing on during times of calm seas or whilst in port. The sailors did not dance the sailor's hornpipe (that was a romantic stage act), but they probably danced to hornpipe tunes, jigs and reels. Dana gives a good description both of the realities of life at sea in the 19'th century, and also the dancing that the sailors did for their own amusement. 

[In port]: "... we heard the violin and guitar screaming and twanging away under the piazza, where they had been all day. As it was now sundown, there began to be some dancing. The Italian sailors danced, and one of our crew exhibited himself in a sort of West India shuffle, much to the amusement of the bystanders, who cried out, "Bravo!" "Otra vez!" and "Vivan los marineros!" but the dancing did not become general, as the women and the "gente de razon" had not yet made their appearance."

[On board]: "About seven o'clock the mate came down into the steerage in fine trim for fun, roused the boys out of the berth, turned up the carpenter with his fiddle, sent the steward with lights to put in the between-decks, and set all hands to dancing. The between-decks were high enough to allow of jumping, and being clear, and white, from holystoning, made a good dancing-hall. Some of the Pilgrim's crew were in the forecastle, and they all turned-to and had a regular sailor's shuffle till eight bells. The Cape Cod boy could dance the true fisherman's jig, barefooted, knocking with his heels, and slapping the decks with his bare feet, in time with the music. This was a favorite amusement of the mate's, who used to stand at the steerage door, looking on, and if the boys would not dance, hazed them round with a rope's end, much to the entertainment of the men."

Sailor's Hornpipe (romantic stage version)

Victorian romantic perception of sailors' lives aboard, picked up and stylised by Scottish National Dancing, Scottish version adopted by Royal Navy

Street Corners and Pubs

Kibby Hornpipe (on street man hole covers in North West), Monkey Dance, Frog Dance, Cossack Dance, Toby Dance - same thing?

Street corner / pub competitions in North West

Suffolk - The Ship, Mendips - lead miners, Dartmoor

Canal Boat People/Barge People

Bill Gibbons (Leeds & Liverpool Canal) / Bob Roberts - Sailing Barge Master (Suffolk) - clogs, step dancing, canal side pubs, empty upturned beer barrels, table tops and rings of full pint beer pots [John Seymore - Journey Through England]

Gypsies / Romanies

Orchard family - Zeal, Dartmoor

Essex - special dancing shoes / highly decorated clogs

New Forest Romany Museum

Athletic Dances and Clogs

YMCA, New York

Trick Dancing - upside down clogging, snuffing candle, egg dance, crossed sticks (Sussex: 'Over the Sticks' - ref.: The Esperance Morris Book. Part II, Curwen & Sons, London, 1912), swords (e.g. MacNab dances from Canada), bacca pipes - Morris, upturned shoe brushes, tap dancing on stilts, South African gum boot dancing, hornpipe in fetters (England & Ireland - music hall), dancing on glass plate on pedestal


Fisher-women step dancing, Scotland, Grimsby, etc.

Costermongers at Covent Garden

Clog dancing in Market

Travelling Dancing Masters

Lakeland (Cumberland/Westmoreland), North East, Ireland (incl. hedge schools), Scotland

Reading Cloggies - Social Dances with Stepping


Dorset Four Hand Reel (with Dorset steps)

Hampshire Five Hand Reel (with joker)

Brixham Reel

Wiltshire Six Hand Reel

Westmoreland Reel

Northumberland Eightsome Reel

Morpeth Rant (with N.E. traditional rant steps)

Kitchen Lancers - 5'th figure

Barkisland Dance


Hullachan Roundabout

Hullachan Reel

Highland Three Hand Reel

Scottish Petronnella

Ninesome Reel

Shetland Six Hand Reel

Orkney Axum



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