IRISH 19'th Century Dance

Kate Hughes' "Dancing Book,"
Dundalk, 1867

Arch. Thomson - Dancing Master

Country Dances

All notes are by the late Professor Tom Flett, whose wife Mrs. Joan Flett, kindly gave me full access to her husband’s extensive interpretative notes on the manuscript. These notes compare many of the dances in the manuscript with contemporary published sources. Additional notes in italics are by Chris Brady.
© Frank Maginnis, Joan Flett, Chris Brady - 2002

Preface # Introduction # List of Dances

Grand March # Reels # Quadrilles # Country Dances # Circle Dances

COUNTRY DANCES
(click on theclick hereimage to see the scanned pages)

24. Blandon C.D. (scan click here)

[1] Top couple swing in the centre 8
[2] Dow[n] the centre and up 8
[3] Rights and lefts 8
[4] Ladies chain 8
[5] Swing four 8
[6] Pousett[e] 8

Blandon C.D. - Notes:

Manuscript torn on left hand side.

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

25. Littil Favourite [C.D.] (scan click here)

1 The two top ladies and the two top gents advance and retire and change places 8
2 The same couples advance and retire and back to places 8
3 Top ladie and second gent change places 4
4 Second ladie and top gent change places 4
5 Repeat nos 3 and 4 back to places 8
6 Down the centre and up 8
7 Waltz pousett[e] 8

Little Favourite C.D. - Notes:

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

26. Merry Oddfellows C.D. (Time 2/4) (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top ladies and the tow [two] top gents advance and retire and change places [8]
2 Top ladie and second gent swing in the centre and back to places 8
3 econd ladie and first gent the same 8
4 Down the center and up 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Merry Oddfellows C.D. - Notes:

This is also in Wallace, with a slight difference. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

27. Meddley Waltz C.D. (Waltz time) (scan click here)

1 Top ladie and second gent change places waltzing step 8
2 Second ladie and top gent the same 8
3 Repeat nos 1 and 2 back to places 16
4 Down the centre and up 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Medley Waltz C.D. - Notes:

Allan agrees.

28. Quadrill C.D. (Time 2/4) (scan click here)

1 Top gent cast the second lady down the centre and up 8
2 Set and turn partners 8
3 Ladies chain 8
4 Pousette[e] 8

Quadrille C.D. - Notes:

'Cast' should be 'lead'? This is also in Wallace. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

29. Meg Merrilles (Reel time) (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top couples swing opposite partners 8
2 Four arm in arm down the centre and up 8
3 Pousette

Meg Merrilees - Notes:

RSCDS 1-5, Allan, Kerr, and Lowe all agree.

30. La Prince Imperial C.D. (Time 6/8) (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Down the centre and up 8
3 Rights and lefts 8
4 Set and turn partners 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

La Prince Imperial C.D. - Notes:

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

31. Torrayburn Lassies (scan click here)

1 The top gent swing the tow [two] ladies 8
2 Top gent and his partner swing the second gent 8
3 Down the centre and up 8
4 Swing four 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Torryburn Lassies C.D. - Notes:

With our interpretation of 'swing four', the first 8 bars must here be interpreted as 'couple 1 and woman 3 - 3 hands across and back', and so the dance differs here from Allan, Kerr and RSCDS 4-1. It is unlikely that 'set and 3 hands round' is implied here, since this is clearly stated as such in Jessie's Hornpipe.

32. Roayle Albert C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top gent swing the tow [two] top ladies 8
2 Arm in arm down the centre [&?] up 8
3 Set and turn partners 8
4 Rights and lefts 8
5 Set and turn partners 8
6 Ladies chain 8
7 Pousette ?

Royal Albert C.D. - Notes:

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

33. Royal Oak C.D. (scan click here)

1 All advance and retire and change places 8
2 All advance and retire and back 8
3 Top gent lead the second ladie down the centre and up 8
4 Set and turn partners 8
5 Ladies chain 8
6 Swing four 8
7 Pousett[e] 8

Royal Oak of Albert - Notes:

Curious asymmetry here. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

34. Queen Victoria C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Balance four in a line with the seceand [second] couple 8
3 Four arm arm down the centre and up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Queen Victoria - Notes:

With our interpretation of 'swing in the centre', the notebook agrees with Allan and Kerr.

35. Queen's Welcome (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top couples swing [4?] 8
2 First couple down the centre and up 8
3 Rights and lefts 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Queen's Welcome - Notes:

Allan gives '4 hands across' for bars 1-8 instead of 'swing four', but is otherwise the same. Kerr and RSCDS 4-3 make couples 1 and 2 take up special positions.

36. Peteronella (scan click here)

1 The top couple cut the diamond 16
2 Down the centre [&?] up 8
3 Pousett[e] 8

Petronella - Notes:

Spelt Peteronella. The phrase 'cut the diamond' has an Irish flavour, and almost suggests the sidestep, but the usual Petronella figure, or rather, half of it, is clearly described in The Thistle C.D. RSCDS 1-1, Allan, Kerr, and Lowe all agree.

37. Paddy O'Rafferty (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top ladies and the tow [two] top gents advance and retire and change places 8
2 Advance and back to places 8
3 Top couple down the centre [&?] up 8
4 Swing four 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Paddy O'Rafferty - Notes:

Kerr omits the 'down the centre and up', but is otherwise the same - provided 'swing four' is interpreted as '4 hands across'. Allan is rather different.

38. Rovers Joye C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Cast a couple and swing again 8
3 Down the centre and up 8
4 Set in the centre the ladie goin[g] in between the tow [two] gents the gent between the [two] two ladies 8
5 Six hands half round and back 8
6 Swing four 8
7 Pousett[e] 8

Rover's Joy - Notes:

Spelt Rovers Joye. 'Set in the centre, etc.', is a little obscure, and there are various possibilities. The most likely is that it means 'set 3 and 3 top and bottom, set 3 and 3 sideways'. If this is so, then either couple 1 begin on wrong sides, or begin the pousette on the wrong side and end it on the right side. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

39. Pheasents C.D. (scan click here)

1 The three top ladies and the three top gents advance and retire and change places 8
2 Advance and retire and back 8
3 Six hands half round and back 8
4 Swing four 8
5 Top couple down the centre [&?] up 8
6 Pousett[e] 8

Pheasents C.D. - Notes:

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

40. Olladina C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple cut the diamond 8
2 First and second couples swing four 8
3 Set and turn opposite partners 8
4 Pousette with opposite partners 8

Olladina C.D.- Notes:

Not sure of the name. An unusual pousette here. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

41. Bohemain Girl C.D. (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top ladies and the two top gents advance and retire and change places 8
2 Advance and retire and back 8
3 Swing four 8
4 Set and turn partners 8
5 Top lady and second gent advance and retire, advance again and turn back into places 8
6 Top gent and second ladie same 8
7 Down the centre and up 8
8 Pousette 8

Bohemian Girl C.D. - Notes:

Spelling? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

42. Clutha C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Cast a couple and swing 8
3 Balance four in a line with second couple and turn opposite partners 8
4 Rights and lefts 8
5 Set and turn opposite partners 8
6 Half chasie [chassiť] and swing out time 8
7 Pousette 8

Clutha C.D. - Notes:

'Swing out time' is unusual in a dance of this date. But clearly something odd is required to get everyone back to places, and 'half chasie' may be it. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

43. Hony Moon [?] C.D. (scan click here)

1 The three ladies swing 8
2 [?] their partners do the same 8
3 Top down the centre [&?] up 8
4 Second gent cross over to his partner rights and lefts 8
5 Pousette 8

Honey Moon C.D. - Notes:

[? - unintelligible.]

Not sure of name.

44. Huming Birds C.D. (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top ladies and the tow [two] top gents advance and retire the tow [two] gents swing the ladies the same 8
2 Top ladie and second gent advance and turn back to back into places 8
3 Top gent and second ladie the same 8
4 Top couple down the centre [&?] up 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Humming Birds C.D. - Notes:

Interesting movement - 'back to back.' Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

45. Prince Concert (scan click here)

1 First three ladies at the top swing 8
2 Three top gents the same 8
3 Top couple swing in centre 8
4 Rights and lefts with the second couple 8
5 Set and turn partners 8
6 Pousett[e] 8

Prince Consort C.D. - Notes:

Should be spelt Prince Consort. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

46. Jessie's Hornpipe (scan click here)

1 The top gent set and turn the tow [two] top ladies 8
2 Top gent and his partner set and turn the seceaund [second] ladie 8
3 Top couple down centre [& up?] 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Jessie's Hornpipe - Notes:

Again an interesting inclusion, for in RSCDS 8-9 it is noted as a collected dance. But the notebook gives a very different dance.

47. Lovers Dream C.D. (scan click here)

Stand for this dance as for a Scotch reel with an odd number [of couples?] on the one side, say 4 and 5 couples.
1 The top couple advance and retire and half rights and lefts 8
2 Set and turn partners 8
3 Ladies chain 8
4 Pousett[e] 8
Leading couple always commencing on the opposite from where they started before

Lovers' Dream C.D. - Notes:

This would seem to imply that the Scotch reel is begun standing beside partner facing other couple. The need for odd number of couples is obscure. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

48. La Tempete (scan click here)

1 Top couple advance and retire, half right and left 8
2 Set and turn partners 8
3 Advance and retire half rights and lefts to places 8
4 Set and turn partners 8
5 All shasse [chassť] to opposite places and back
Reapet [repeat] no. 5 back
16
7 Next couple the same 8
8 Advance and retire and pass the next couple 8

La TempÍte - Notes:

The initial positions of the dancers are obscure. Similar to, but not the same as Allan and RSCDS 2-1 who also differ themselves.

49. Nut C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top gent set and turn the seceaund [second] ladie 8
2 Balance three in a line top ladie going through their arms 8
3 Down the centre and up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

The Nut C.D. - Notes:

RSCDS 1-4, Allan, and Kerr all agree.

50. Silver Bell C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple advance and retire and swing four 8
2 Set and turn partners 8
3 Advance four in a line from the sides and cross over 8
4 Repeat no. 1:2 & 3 back to places 24
5 Double ladies chain 8
6 Waltz [to?] the next couple 16

Silver Bell C.D. - Notes:

Unusual to start with a duple minor dance and then make everyone dance (c.f. "Eight Men of Moidart" - an old Scottish C.D.). Double ladies chain occurs in quadrilles. Not sure what it is here? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

51. Rorry O'Morre C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Set and turn opposite partners 8
3 Full rights and lefts 8
4 Set and turn partners 8
5 Ladies chain 8
6 Advance and retire with opposite partners and swing partners to places 8
7 Pousett[e] 8

Rory O'More - Notes:

A completely different figure from RSCDS 1-9.

52. Shoulder to Shoulder C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Down the centre at the same time the seceaond [second] gent cross over to his partner 8
3 Top and seceaond [second] couples set in the centre facing each other and turn partners 8
4 Reel four down the dance 8
5 Pousett[e] 8

Shoulder to Shoulder C.D. - Notes:

Extremely unusual to find a reel of four in a C.D., let alone one down the dance. One possible reconstruction is: return to places as shown

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W2

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W3

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W4

M2

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M1

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W1

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M3

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M4

      C1 turn by right, C2 turn by right, and into reel of four.

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

53. Meszeppa C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top gent set and turn the seceaond [second] & third ladies at the same time the top ladie sets and turns the seceaond [second] & third gents 8
2 Six hands half round and back 8
3 Swing four 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Meszeppa C.D. - Notes:

Three hands round, or individual turns? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

54. Prince Charles C.D. (scan click here)

1 Set and turn opposite partner 8
2 Set and turn partners 8
3 The tow [two] couples advance and half rights and lefts 8
4 Swing four and pousett[e] 8

Prince Charles C.D. - Notes:

Error in phrasing? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

55. Riffill Volunteers C.D. (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top gents advance and retire and salute the ladies 8
2 Top ladies chain with the third and seceaond [second] gents, at the same time her partner chains with the third and seceaond [second] ladies 8
3 Down the centre and up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Rifle Volunteers C.D. - Notes:

Is the second figure as shown below? There is symmetry.

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

56. Wee Rigg C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top ladie turn the seceaond [second] gent top gent turn the seceaond [second] ladie 8
2 Swing four 8
3 Top couple down the centre and up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

The Wee Rigg C.D. - Notes:

This is in Wallace as the Lee Rigg, with a slight difference. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

57. Hay Makers C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top ladie and bottom gent meet in the centre and turn with right hands to places 4
2 Top gent and bottom ladie the same 4
3 Top ladie and bottom gent with left hands 4
4 Top gent and bottom ladie the same 4
5 Top gent [ladie?] and bottom gent [ladie?] same with crossed hands 4
6 Top gent and bottom ladie same 4
7 Top ladie and bottom gent turn back to back to places 4
8 Top gent and bottom ladie same 4
9 Top ladie and bottom gent advance and bow 4
10 Top gent and bottom ladie the same 8 [4?]
11 Ladies by right gents by left [cast off?] meet at bottom top couple forming an arch all promenade up 16

Haymakers C.D. - Notes:

Agrees with RSCDS 2-11, Kerr and Lowe, save that 'turn with both hands;' is given as 'turn with crossed hands'. Allan is slightly different at the end.

58. Cumberland Reel C.D. (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top couples swing four 8
2 Top couple pousette to bottom and form an arch 8
3 Ladies cast off by the right gents by the left and meet at bottom with partners 8
4 All promenade round 16

Cumberland Reel - Notes:

Allan and Kerr agree, and are very nearly the same as RSCDS 1-11. The notebook gives the same type of figures, but in a different order. Note however that the notebook begins with 'swing four', while Allan, Kerr, and RSCDS 1-11 begin with '4 hands across'.

59. Lads of Cintyre C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple down the centre and up 8
2 Swing four 8
3 Top couple down the centre and up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Lads of Kintyre C.D. - Notes:

Spelling? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

60. Love at the Window C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing opposite partners 8
2 Full rights and lefts 8
3 Set and turn partners 8
4 Ladies chain 8
5 Swing four 8
6 Pousett[e] 8

61. Triumph C.D. [First Set] (scan click here)

1 Top gent leads his partner down the centre and up giving her to seceaond [second] gent 8
2 Seceaond [second] gent leads her down the centre her partner follows on the left side and leads up in Tr[i]umph 8
3 Pousett[e] 8

The Triumph - Notes:

The first set agrees with Allan, Kerr, and Lowe, in that bars 17-24 are 'pousette', not 'pousette to bottom' as in RSCDS 1-2.

62. Merry Milk Maid (scan click here)

1 The three top ladies and the three top gents advance and retire 8
2 Top couple swing in the centre 8
3 Cast a couple and swing again
4 Down the centre and up and swing four pousette 8[16?]

Merry Milkmaid - Notes:

Error in phrasing. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

63. Aeonia Pony [?] C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing four and the seceaond [second] couple down the centre
2 The same time the top ladie down back of gents and the top gent down back of the ladies seceaond [second] couple form an arch at the bottom
3 Top couple pass throu[gh] up the centre rights and lefts and swing four 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Aeonia Pony C.D. - Notes:

[? - not sure of both words.]

Error in phrasing. Are both 'swing fours' full 8 bars, or is the first right hands, the second left. In any case a most attractive dance. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

64. SachŠ C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing in the centre 8
2 Cast a couple swing again 8
3 Down the centre [&?] up 8
4 Giving your partner to the seceaond [second] gent set and turn 8
5 Rights and lefts 8
6 Set and turn half chain 8
7 Pousett[e] 8

SachŠ C.D. - Notes:

Set and turn half chain? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

65. Jacks the Lad C.D. (scan click here)

1
2
Top ladie down the back [&?] up [of] the gentlemen [&] top gent down the back of the ladies
[& both] up the centre full rights and lefts
[3] Swing four 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Jacks the Lad C.D. - Notes:

Numbering of phrase 2 incorrect.

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

66. Jock the Boye (scan click here)

1 Top couple advance top ladie down the back of the gents top gent down the back of the ladies [&] up the centre and swing opposite partners 8,8,8
7 Full rights and lefts 8
Swing four 8
8 Pousett[e] 8

Jock the Boy - Notes:

Parts incorrectly numbered, phrasing?

Spelt Jock or Jock(s) or Jack the Boye. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

67. Merry Lads of Ayr (scan click here)

1 The top couple turn with rights and cast of[f] a couple turn with left hands [up?] 8
2 Lead down the centre [&] up 8
3 Set at corners and reell [reel] 16

Merry Lads of Ayr - Notes:

Allan and RSCDS 1-12 agree.

68. The Thistle C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple turn round to the right and set in the centre of the dance 4
2 Turn to opposite sides the ladie between the seceaond [second] and third gentlemen the gent between the seceaond [second] and third ladies and set 4
3 The three on each side join hands advance and retire twice 8
4 All six join hands in a circle pass half round to the left and back to the right to places
5 Pousett[e] 8

The Thistle - Notes:

Pousette begun from wrong sides by top couple. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

69. Duke of Perth (scan click here)

1 The top couple turn by the right hand and pass one couple turn with the left hand
3 [2] The lady turns the seceaond [second] gent and the top gent turn the seceaond [second] ladie
3 The first couple turn ag[a]in with the left hand
The gent turns the seceaond [second] ladie and the top ladie turns third gent 16
3 Set to corners and turn 8
4 Reell [reel] of three 8

Duke of Perth C.D. - Notes:

RSCDS 1-8 and Allan differ from the notebook here in completing 'swing corners', while the notebook omits the last turn partner. Note that 'swing corners' is not named here or in Allan

70. Clydesdale Lassies (scan click here)

1 Three hands round on the ladies side and same on gents 8
2 Down the centre and up 8
3 Set at corners and reell [reel] of three 16

Clydesdale Lassies - Notes:

Completely different to Allan. Unusual beginning in 'women 1, 2, 3 - 3 hands round, gents 1,2,3 - the same.'

71. Merry Dance C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple turn with right hands cast of[f] one couple turn with left hands cast of[f] a seceaond [second] couple 8
2 Six hands round 4
3 Lead up to places 4
4 Set at corners and turn 8
5 Reell [reel] of three 8

Merry Dance C.D. - Notes:

This is one of the most interesting dances in the notebook, since it has been revived by the R.S.C.D.S. from the Ballroom, 1827, as The Merry Dancers, RSCDS 4-2, and does not occur in Allan, Lowe, or Kerr. Agrees with RSCDS 4-2 exactly.

72. The Heather Bell C.D. (scan click here)

1 The two top couples give right hands across pass half round and return to places with left hands 8
2 Top couple down the centre and up 8
3 Tow [two] top couples set in centre and turn 8

The Heather Bell C.D. - Notes:

Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

73. British Grenadiers (scan click here)

1 The three top gents advance and retire 4
2 The three top ladies the same 4
3 The three top couples promenade to places 8
4 The tow [two] top couples swing four half round [?] and turn partners 8
5 Pousette 8

British Grenadiers - Notes:

Similar to, but not the same as either Allan or Kerr. Kerr has '4 hands across' before pousette in place of 'swing 4 half round and turn' of the notebook.

74. Venetian Waltz C.D. (Waltz time) (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top couples swing four half round and waltz back to places 16
2 Top couple down the centre and up 8
3 Waltz pousette 8

Venetian Waltz - Notes:

With 'swing four' = 'four hands across', Allan agrees.

75. The Feairy C.D. (scan click here)

1 The top couple advance and retire and half rights and lefts 8
2 Advance ag[a]in and half rights and lefts to places 8
3 Top couple down the centre [&] up 8
4 Pousett[e] ?

Fairy C.D. - Notes:

Allan, Kerr and RSCDS 3-6 all agree, but the notebook gives a completely different dance.

76. Triumph Seceaond [Second] Set (scan click here)

1 The tow [two] top couples swing four full round and back 8
2 Sames as no. 2 in First Set 8
3 Pousette 8

The Triumph - Notes:

See no. 61 Triumph C.D. First Set

77. Flowers of Edinburgh C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top lady pass behind the tow [two] ladies crosses between third and fourth ladies to the gents side pass behind the seceaond [second] and third gents to top gents place and set top gent follows the lady but leads up the centre 8
2 Top gent does the same the lady following and set 8
3 Top couple down the centre [&] up 8
4 Pousett[e] 8

Flowers of Edinburgh - Notes:

RSCDS 1-6 and Kerr agree. Allan does not set after each chasť.

78. Polka C.D. (scan click here)

1 The top couple change places as in the Guaracha first and seceaond [second] couples set at the sides and pass to each others places set to partners and pass repeat [again?] 16
2 Top couple down the centre and up ag[a]in 8
3 Pousette 8

Polka C.D. - Notes:

Allan agrees.

81. Love at the Window C.D. (scan click here)

1 Top couple swing opposite partners 8
2 Full rights and lefts 8
3 Set and turn partners 8
4 Ladies chain 8
5 Swing four 8
6 Pousett[e] 8

Love at the Window - Notes:

Name? Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

82. Love at the Window C.D. [signed A. Campbell - in different handwriting] (scan click here)

1. Couple 1 swing. [8]
2. Ladies down the back of gents
Gents down the back of ladies.
[8]
3. Up the centre and rights and lefts
Set and turn partners
[8]
4.

Gent down on right knee, lade [lady] walk round, swing four and pousett[e]

[8]

Love at the Window - Notes:

This footnote by A. Campbell contains a most attractive dance. Not in Allan, Kerr, nor the RSCDS books.

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